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English definition of “shoulder”

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shoulder

noun uk   /ˈʃəʊl.dər/ us    /ˈʃoʊl.dɚ/

shoulder noun (BODY PART)

B1 [C] one of the two parts of the body at each side of the neck that join the arms to the rest of the body: I rested my head on her shoulder. Then she put her arm round my shoulder and gave me a kiss. She glanced nervously over her shoulder to make sure no one else was listening.shoulders [plural] the top part of a person's back: He was about six feet tall with broad shoulders. "I don't know what to do about it," said Martha, shrugging her shoulders. the parts of a piece of clothing that cover the wearer's shoulders: The shoulders look a bit tight. Do you want to try a larger size? a jacket with padded shoulders [C] the part of a bottle that curves out below its opening [C usually singular] US ( UK hard shoulder) a hard area at the side of a main road where a driver can stop if there is a serious problem US ( UK verge) the strip of land that borders a road or path: She left her car by the side of the road and walked along the grass shoulder to the emergency phone.
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shoulder noun (RESPONSIBILITY)

sb's shoulders used to refer to the responsibility that someone has or feels for something: A huge burden was lifted from my shoulders (= I became much less worried) when I told my parents about my problem. Responsibility for the dispute rests squarely on the shoulders of the president.

shoulder noun (MEAT)

[C or U] a piece of meat that includes the upper part of an animal's front leg: I've bought a shoulder of lamb for Sunday lunch.
-shouldered
suffix uk   /-dərd/ us    /-dɚd/
to be broad/narrow-shouldered

shoulder

verb uk   /ˈʃəʊl.dər/ us    /ˈʃoʊl.dɚ/

shoulder verb (ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY)

shoulder the blame, burden, responsibility, cost, etc. to accept that you are responsible for something bad or difficult: It is women who mainly shoulder responsibility for the care of elderly and disabled relatives. Teachers cannot be expected to shoulder all the blame for poor exam results.

shoulder verb (BODY PART)

[T] to put something on your shoulders to carry it: Shouldering her pack, she strode off up the road. [T + adv/prep] to push something with one of your shoulders: She was carrying two suitcases and had to shoulder the door open. He shouldered his way (= formed a way through by pushing with his shoulders) to the front of the crowd to get a better look.
(Definition of shoulder from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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