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English definition of “soil”

soil

noun uk   /sɔɪl/ us  
B2 [C or U] the material on the surface of the ground in which plants grow: light/heavy/fertile soil sandy or chalky soils [U] literary a country: It was the first time we had set foot on foreign/French/American soil (= gone to a foreign country/France/America). the soil literary the activity of farming: The government is trying to encourage a return to the soil.

soil

verb [T] uk   /sɔɪl/ formal us  
to make something dirty, especially with solid waste: soiled diapers/nappies/sheets
(Definition of soil from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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