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English definition of “some”

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some

determiner

some determiner (UNKNOWN AMOUNT)

A1   strong /sʌm/   weak /səm/    /sʌm/    /səm/ an amount or number of something that is not stated or not known; a part of something: There's some cake in the kitchen if you'd like it. Here's some news you might be interested in. We've been having some problems with our TV over the last few weeks. Could you give me some idea of when the building work will finish? I've got to do some more work before I can go out.
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some determiner (LARGE AMOUNT)

B2   /sʌm/    /sʌm/ a large amount or number of something: It'll be some time before we meet again. It was some years later when they next met. We discussed the problem at some length.
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some determiner (PARTICULAR THING)

C1   /sʌm/    /sʌm/ used to refer to a particular person or thing without stating exactly which one: Some lucky person will win more than $1,000,000 in the competition. Some idiot's locked the door! There must be some way you can relieve the pain.
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some determiner (ANGER)

  /sʌm/    /sʌm/ informal used before a noun, especially at the beginning of a sentence to show anger or disapproval, often by repeating a word that was not accurately used: Some people just don't know when to shut up. Some help you were! You sat on your backside most of the afternoon! "A friend of mine sold me a radio that doesn't work." "Some friend!"

some determiner (EXCELLENT)

  /sʌm/    /sʌm/ informal used before a noun to show how good something or someone is: Wow, that was some dinner!

some

pronoun
A1   strong /sʌm/   weak /səm/    /sʌm/    /səm/ an amount or number of something that is not stated or not known; a part of something: If you need more paper then just take some. "Would you like to have dinner with us?" "No thanks, I've already had some." Some of you here have already met Imran. Have some of this champagne - it's very good. some people: Some have compared his work to Picasso's.
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  • We've got a lot of apples if you'd like some.
  • There's a cake here - would you like some?
  • I had some of Jean's bread and it was good.
  • There's plenty of coffee here if you'd like some.
  • Some of you will know Ron already.

some

adverb uk     strong /sʌm/ weak /səm/ us      /sʌm/  /səm/

some adverb (APPROXIMATELY)

used before a number to mean approximately; about: Some 50 tons of stone are taken from the quarry every day. The water is some 20 to 30 metres beneath the ground.

some adverb (SMALL AMOUNT)

US informal by a small amount or degree; a little: She says she's feeling some better. We could turn down the heat some if that would make you more comfortable.
(Definition of some from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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