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English definition of “split”

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split

verb uk   /splɪt/ ( present participle splitting, past tense and past participle split) us  

split verb (DIVIDE)

B2 [I or T] to (cause to) divide into two or more parts, especially along a particular line: The prize was split between Susan and Kate. Split the aubergines in half and cover with breadcrumbs. The teacher split the children (up) into three groups. informal I'll split (= share) this croissant with you. His trousers split when he tried to jump the fence. [+ obj + adj ] The woman had split her head open (= got a long, deep wound in her head) when she was thrown off the horse.C2 [I] to form cracks: The wooden floor had cracked and split in the heat.C2 [I or T] If the people in an organization or group split, or if something splits them, they disagree and form smaller groups: The childcare issue has split the employers' group. The union executive has split down the middle (= divided into two equal-sized groups who disagree with each other) on what to do next. A group of extremists split (off) from the Labour Party to form a new "Workers Party".split the difference If you split the difference, you agree on a number or amount that is exactly in the middle of the difference between two other numbers or amounts.
More examples

split verb (TELL)

[I] UK old-fashioned informal to tell other people secret and damaging information about someone: They knew Josie wouldn't split on them to the teacher.

split verb (LEAVE)

[I] old-fashioned informal to leave a place
Phrasal verbs

split

noun [C] uk   /splɪt/ us  
a long, thin hole in something where it has broken apart: Rain was getting in through a split in the plastic sheeting. a situation in which a group of people is divided into smaller groups because they disagree about something: There is a widening split between senior managers and the rest of the workforce. The tax issue has caused a split in/within the government. There was a 75/25 split in the voting.the splits [plural] UK ( US split) the action of sitting on the floor with your legs straight out and flat along the floor in opposite directions: Can you do the splits?
(Definition of split from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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