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English definition of “stock”

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stock

noun uk   /stɒk/ us    /stɑːk/

stock noun (SUPPLY)

C1 [C or U] a supply of something for use or sale: It is now halfway through winter and food stocks are already low. The local shop has a good stock of postcards and guidebooks. Much of the city's housing stock (= the number of houses in the city) is over 100 years old.B2 [U] the total amount of goods or the amount of a particular type of goods available in a shop: This shop sells its old stock at very low prices. We'll be getting our new stock in on Friday. The new edition is in/out of stock (= available/not available) in major bookshops.
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stock noun (MONEY)

[U] the amount of money that a company has through selling shares to people: They own 20 percent of the company's stock. [C or U] part of the ownership of a company that can be bought by members of the public: Stock prices fell yesterday in heavy trading. She buys and sells stocks and shares. [C or U] UK money that people invest in the government, producing a fixed rate of interest: government stock(s)
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stock noun (LIQUID)

[U] a liquid used to add flavour to food, made by boiling meat or fish bones or vegetables in water: vegetable/beef/chicken stock

stock noun (ANIMALS)

[U] animals, such as cows or sheep, kept on a farm

stock noun (OPINION)

[U] formal the degree to which a person or organization is popular and respected: At present, the prime minister's stock is high/low.

stock noun (ORIGIN)

[U] formal the family or group that a person or animal comes from: He's an American of Irish stock. She's of peasant/noble stock. Some of the animals will be kept as breeding stock.

stock noun (HANDLE)

[C] the support or handle of a tool, especially the part of a gun that rests against your shoulder

stock noun (FRAME)

the stocks [plural] (in Europe in the Middle Ages) a wooden frame that was fixed around someone's feet, hands, and sometimes head, so that they were forced to sit or stand for a long time in public as a punishment

stock noun (PLANT)

[C] a garden plant with small pleasant-smelling, brightly coloured flowers

stock

verb [T] uk   /stɒk/ us    /stɑːk/
C1 If a shop or factory stocks something, it keeps a supply of it: Most supermarkets stock a wide range of wines. to fill something such as a cupboard or shelves with food or goods: He has a Saturday job stocking shelves in the local supermarket. I always stock up the fridge before my sister comes to stay.
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Phrasal verbs

stock

adjective uk   /stɒk/ us    /stɑːk/
(of an idea, expression, or action) usual or typical, and used or done so many times that it is no longer original: a stock phrase/response "Don't worry - worse things happen at sea" is her stock expression for whenever anything goes wrong.
(Definition of stock from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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