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English definition of “surplus”

surplus

noun [C or U], adjective     /ˈsɜː.pləs/ US  /ˈsɝː-/
C2 (an amount that is) more than is needed: The world is now producing large food surpluses. We are unlikely to produce any surplus this year. The government has authorized the army to sell its surplus weapons.UK The store is selling off stock that is surplus to requirements (= more than they need to have).Too much and unnecessary the amount of money you have left when you sell more than you buy, or spend less than you own: a budget/trade surplus Fortunately the school's bank account is currently in surplus.General words for amounts of moneyLarge amounts of moneySmall amounts of money
(Definition of surplus nounadjective from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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