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English definition of “surplus”

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surplus

noun [C or U], adjective uk   /ˈsɜː.pləs/ us    /ˈsɝː-/
C2 (an amount that is) more than is needed: The world is now producing large food surpluses. We are unlikely to produce any surplus this year. The government has authorized the army to sell its surplus weapons. UK The store is selling off stock that is surplus to requirements (= more than they need to have). the amount of money you have left when you sell more than you buy, or spend less than you own: a budget/trade surplus Fortunately the school's bank account is currently in surplus.
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(Definition of surplus from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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