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English definition of “surround”

surround

verb [T] uk   /səˈraʊnd/ us  
B1 to be everywhere around something: Snow-capped mountains surround the city. Gwen sat at her desk, surrounded by books and papers. Mystery still surrounds the exact circumstances of Stalin's death. She said that she wanted to die surrounded by the people she loves (= with them all present). Early this morning, armed police surrounded (= moved into a position so that they were everywhere around) a house which they thought contained an escaped prisoner.
surrounding
adjective [before noun] uk   /-ˈraʊn.dɪŋ/ us  
B2 A lot of the children at the school do not live in the town, but come in from the surrounding countryside.

surround

noun uk   /səˈraʊnd/ us  
[C] the area or border around something: Our bath has a tiled surround. surrounds [plural] US the area that is near: I don't think there are any bookstores in the immediate surrounds.
(Definition of surround from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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