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English definition of “sweep”

sweep

verb uk   /swiːp/ (swept, swept) us  

sweep verb (CLEAN)

B2 [T] to clean especially a floor by using a brush to collect the dirt into one place from which it can be removed: sweep the floorCleaning generallyPersonal hygiene and appearance - general words

sweep verb (MOVE)

C2 [I + adv/prep] to move, especially quickly and powerfully: Everyone looked up as she swept into the room. The fire swept (= spread quickly) through the house. The National Party swept into power (= easily won the election) with a majority of almost 200.Moving quickly [T] to quickly spread through and influence an area: A 1970s fashion revival is sweeping Europe.Spreading and scattering [T] to travel across all of an area, especially when looking for something: American minesweepers are sweeping the Arabian Sea.Moving quickly [I usually + adv/prep] If a road, river, range of mountains, set of steps, etc. sweeps in a particular direction, they follow a particular curved path: The road sweeps down to the coast.Moving quickly

sweep verb (REMOVE)

B2 [T usually + adv/prep] to remove and/or take in a particular direction, especially in a fast and powerful way: A large wave swept away half the sandcastle. She swept the pile of papers and books into her bag. The boat was swept out to sea (= away from land) by the tide. Government troops swept aside the rebel forces (= caused them to move away from the area in which they were).Taking things away from someone or somewhereRemoving and getting rid of things

sweep verb (WIN)

[T] US informal to win all the parts of a competition, or to win very easily: The Yankees swept a four-game series from the Blue Jays.Winning and defeatingScoring, winning and losing in sport

sweep

noun uk   /swiːp/ us  

sweep noun (CLEAN)

[C usually singular] the act of sweeping something to clean it: I've given the kitchen floor a sweep (= I have swept it).Cleaning generallyPersonal hygiene and appearance - general words [C] old-fashioned for chimney sweepPeople who clean and tidy places and things

sweep noun (MOVEMENT)

[C] a movement, especially a quick, powerful one or one to search an area: With a sweep (= horizontal movement) of its tail, the alligator knocked her under the water.Shaking, swinging and vibrating [C] a long, often curved, area of land, sea, river, etc.: A broad sweep of flat countryside stretched to the horizon in all directions.Areas of land in generalSpace - general wordsTopics and areas of interest sweeps [plural] US a period of time when measurements of the number of people watching different television stations are made so that the cost of advertising on each station can be setTelevision

sweep noun (WIN)

a clean sweep a situation in which one player, team, etc. wins everything that is available: Romania made a clean sweep of the medals.Winning and defeatingScoring, winning and losing in sport
(Definition of sweep from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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