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English definition of “turn”

turn

verb uk   /tɜːn/ us    /tɝːn/

turn verb (GO ROUND)

B2 [I or T] to (cause to) move in a circle round a fixed point or line: The Earth turns on its axis once every 24 hours. She turned on her toes, holding out her skirt. The wheels started to turn (round). Turn the steering wheel as quickly as you can. She turned the doorknob and quietly opened the door. Slowly, I turned the door handle.

turn verb (CHANGE DIRECTION)

A2 [I or T] to (cause to) change the direction in which you are facing or moving: Turn right at the traffic lights. The path twists and turns for the next half mile. We have to turn down/into/up the next road on the right. Plants tend to turn towards the source of light. She turned to face him. He turned round and waved to us. He turned on his heel (= turned quickly to face the opposite direction) and left the room. The person on my left turned to me and whispered "Not another speech!" His wife tried to speak to him, but he turned his back (on her)/turned away (from her) (= moved himself round and away from her to show his anger). At about three o'clock, the tide started to turn (= the sea started to come closer to or move away from the beach). He turned his head to me to listen. I'll just turn the car round and go back the way we've come. We watched until the car had turned (= gone round) the corner. The army turned their guns on (= pointed them at and started to shoot at) the protesters. She can turn (= perform) a somersault.

turn verb (CHANGE POSITION)

B1 [I or T] to move, or to move an object or page, so that a different side or surface is on the top: Now turn the page, please, and start work on Exercise 2. She turned the vase over to look for the price. He turned over two or three pages. She put out the light, turned over (= rolled in order to face in another direction) and went to sleep. Now turn to (= open the book at) page 23 and look at the first paragraph.

turn verb (BECOME)

B2 [L, I or T usually + adv/prep] to (cause to) become, change into, or come to be something: The weather has suddenly turned cold. When I refused to pay, he turned nasty. She turned pale and started to shiver. The mood of the meeting turned solemn when the extent of the problem became known. The companies worked well together for a time, but eventually the relationship turned sour (= became bad). Keele, pop star turned business tycoon, has launched a new range of cosmetics. The dry weather turned the soil into/to concrete. By the end of September, the leaves have started to turn (= become brown). Her attitude turned from politely interested to enthusiastic during the course of our conversation. turn 16, nine o'clock, etc. C1 to become a particular age or time: She turned 18 last year. It's just turned ten o'clock.

turn verb (SWITCH)

A2 [I or T, usually + adv/prep] to use a control to switch a piece of equipment or a power or water supply on or off, or to increase or reduce what it is producing: Turn off/out the light. Who turned the telly on? I asked him to turn down the heating. Turn the sound up - I can't hear what they're saying. This sort of heater turns off (= can be switched off) at the mains.

turn verb (TWIST)

turn your ankle old-fashioned to damage the muscles in the foot by suddenly twisting it too strongly: She turned her ankle on the rocks and had to hobble back to camp.

turn verb (WOOD)

[T] specialized engineering to shape a piece of wood while it is attached to a machine that spins it: a turned bowl

turn

noun uk   /tɜːn/ us    /tɝːn/

turn noun (TIME TO DO STH)

B1 [C] an opportunity or a duty to do something at a particular time or in a particular order, before or after other people: Is it my turn yet? [+ to infinitive] I waited so long for my turn to see the careers adviser that I missed my train. It's your turn to do the washing up! In this game if you give the wrong answer you have to miss a turn.
Compare
take turns B2 (UK also take it in turn(s)) When a number of people take turns, they do the same thing one after the other: We take turns to answer the phone. in turn C1 (also by turns) one after the other in an agreed order: Each of us collects the mail in turn.

turn noun (GO ROUND)

[C] an action that causes something to move in a circle round a fixed point: Give the screw a couple of turns to make sure it's tight.

turn noun (CHANGE IN DIRECTION)

B2 [C] a change in the direction in which you are moving or facing: We got as far as the school, and there we had to make a right turn. The path was full of twists and turns. on the turn Something that is on the turn is about to change direction: The tide is on the turn. the turn of sth C2 the point at which something changes or moves in a different direction: the turn of the tide She was born around the turn of the century (= around 1900, 2000, etc.).

turn noun (DEVELOPMENT)

take a ... turn to develop in a particular way: The situation took a nasty turn and the police were called. Events took an unexpected turn when her mother suddenly arrived. take a turn for the better/worse C2 to suddenly become better or worse: Their relationship took a turn for the worse when he lost his job.

turn noun (PERFORMANCE)

[C] a stage act or performance: The first couple of turns were children singing and dancing.

turn noun (ILLNESS)

[C] old-fashioned informal a slight illness, a strange feeling, or a nervous shock: After the accident I started having funny turns. It gave me quite a turn to see him after all these years.
(Definition of turn from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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SMART Thesaurus: Revolving, rotating and spinning

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