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English definition of “up”


adverb uk   /ʌp/ us  

up adverb (HIGHER)

A2 towards a higher position; towards a higher value, number, or level: Put those books up on the top shelf. A gravel road leads through the jungle and up into the Andes. Pushing the number of unit sales up every quarter can't be continued indefinitely. The water was up to/had come up to the level of the windows.Up and upwardMoving upwards out of the ground: He spent the afternoon digging carrots up.Up and upwardMoving upwards up and down B2 from a higher to a lower position repeatedly: My little daughter started jumping up and down with rage when she heard she couldn't go.BouncingJumpingDown and downwardMoving downwardsUp and upwardMoving upwards

up adverb (VERTICAL)

A1 in or into a vertical position: Would you stand up for a moment, I want to see how tall you are.
Up and upwardMoving upwards

up adverb (TOP)

A2 in a high position; at the top: Our boardroom is up on the 23rd floor. You can tell which way up the crates have to be because they all say "TOP".
Up and upwardMoving upwards

up adverb (NEAR)

B1 very near: Carrying a gun, he walked up to the cashier and demanded money. A limousine drew up (= parked) outside the hotel.Describing movement towards

up adverb (INCREASE)

B2 to a greater degree; in order to increase: The fire heats the room up (= makes it warmer) within minutes. Grandma always turns the TV up really loud because she can't hear very well. Try not to get worked up (= increasingly excited or angry), I'm sure we can sort the problem out.Increasing and intensifying B2 If a level or amount is up, it has increased: The cost of car insurance is up, but not very much. Last year the company's turnover was $240 billion, up three percent on (= compared with) the previous year.Increasing and intensifying

up adverb (NOT IN BED)

B1 not in bed: It's time to get up now! Oh, I've been up all night, finishing my essay.Not sleeping and not unconscious up and about/around to be able to get out of bed and move around again after a period of illness, because your health has improved enoughEnergetic and lively

up adverb (EXIST)

into existence, view, or attention: Originally the charity was set up to help orphans in urban areas. Sorry darling, something unexpected has come up (= has happened) at the office, and I'll be home late. Coming up (= happening next) after the break, we have a man who claims he can communicate with fish. Would this be a good time to bring up the issue of salary?

up adverb (EQUAL)

so as to be equal in quality, knowledge, or achievement: She couldn't go to school for a few weeks because of illness, but she'll be able to catch up (with her lessons) quickly. So much scientific research is being performed that it's virtually impossible to keep up (with all the new developments).US informal Kate and I were both playing well, and after ten minutes the score was 6 up (= 6 points each).Similar and the sameDescribing people with the same qualities

up adverb (TOGETHER)

in a state of being together with other similar things: You've got half an hour to gather up anything you'll need for the journey. Add up the column of figures in your head and then tell me what the sum is.Classifying and creating order

up adverb (TIGHTLY)

tightly or firmly in order to keep something safe or in position: Can you do my shoelaces up for me? Tie up the top of the bag so the rubbish doesn't fall out. You'd better wrap up (= wear warm clothes) - it's cold outside.Tight and tighteningSafe and secure

up adverb (SMALLER)

broken or cut into smaller pieces; made smaller in area: He cut the letter up into a hundred pieces. She folded the newspaper up and put it in her bag. The car blew up (= exploded) when flames reached its fuel tank.Separating and dividingTearing and breaking into pieces

up adverb (AGE)

to a greater age: No one said that growing up would be easy or painless. Many single parents struggle to bring their children up on a low income.Stages of life

up adverb (PROBLEM)

B1 [after verb] used when talking or asking about what is happening: Everyone was talking in whispers, and I could tell something was up (= something unusual was happening). What's up? (= What is happening or what is wrong?)Occurring and happening

up adverb (FINISHED)

[after verb] When a period of time is up, it is finished: When the two hours were up nobody had answered all of the questions. Your time is up - it's someone else's turn on the training equipment now.Finished and over

up adverb (IMPROVE)

into an improved position or state: By lap 26, Hamilton had moved up into second position. Stein had a bad start to the race, but by the ninth lap she was up with the leaders.
Becoming betterMaking things betterMaking progress and advancing

up adverb (END)

B2 to an end, finish, or state of being complete: Finish up the old packet of biscuits before you open a new one. Crime won't help - you'll end up in prison. I'd like to round up the meeting by thanking all those who were able to attend at such short notice.Causing something to endComing to an end

up adverb (DIRECTION)

towards the north or towards a more important place, especially a city: On Tuesday she'll be travelling up to Newcastle from Birmingham. She comes up from her village about once a month on the train.Describing movement towards

up adverb (INTENDED)

up for sth intended, suggested, or being considered for something: That house at the end of our road is up for sale again. Are you really up for promotion?Planning, expecting and arrangingPlotting and trapping

up adverb (EAGER)

up for (doing) sth informal willing and able to do or take part in an activity: After a long day at work I wasn't really up for a party. We're going swimming. Are you up for it? I'm up for organizing the meeting if nobody else wants to do it.Excited, interested and enthusiastic

up adverb (TRIAL)

[after verb] on trial in a court: If he doesn't pay the fine soon, he'll be up before the magistrate. Max is up for armed robbery.Court cases, orders and decisions

up adverb (ROAD)

[after verb] UK When a road is up, it is being repaired and so is unsuitable for use: The council has got the road up because of a broken sewer.Routes and roads in general

up adverb (HAIR)

If someone's long hair is up, it is arranged on the top or back of the head: You look nice with your hair up.Up and upwardMoving upwards


preposition uk   /ʌp/ us  

up preposition (HIGHER)

A2 to or in a higher level or position: We followed her up the stairs to a large meeting room.Up and upwardMoving upwards

up preposition (TOP)

at the top of: You'll find a dusty attic up these stairs. If you want Fred, he's up that ladder.Up and upwardMoving upwards

up preposition (ALONG)

A2 (further) along: The car shot off up the road at high speed. They live just up the road.Ahead, in front and beyond up and down B2 along the surface of something first in one direction and then in the opposite direction, usually repeatedly: He was running up and down the path, shouting.Backwards, sideways and back and forth

up preposition (ORIGIN)

towards the starting point of something, especially a river or stream: Rowing up (the) river against the current was very hard work.
See also
Backwards, sideways and back and forth

up preposition (TO)

UK not standard to or at: Are you going up the club tonight? Describing movement towards



verb uk   /ʌp/ informal us  

up verb (INCREASE)

[T] (-pp-) to increase something such as a price: We won't be able to make a profit on the deal without upping the sale price. It looks like tax rates are going to be upped again.Value and price increases

up verb (GO AWAY)

up and ... used with another verb to emphasize that someone left a place or did something in a sudden and possibly unexpected way: After dinner they just upped and left/went without saying goodbye.Departing
(Definition of up adverb, preposition, adjective, verb from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of up?
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