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English definition of “up”

up

adverb (HIGHER)    /ʌp/
A2 towards a higher position ; towards a higher value , number , or level : Put those books up on the top shelf . A gravel road leads through the jungle and up into the Andes. Pushing the number of unit sales up every quarter can't be continued indefinitely . The water was up to/had come up to the level of the windows .Up and upwardMoving upwards out of the ground : He spent the afternoon digging carrots up.Up and upwardMoving upwards up and down B2 from a higher to a lower position repeatedly : My little daughter started jumping up and down with rage when she heard she couldn't go.BouncingJumpingDown and downwardMoving downwardsUp and upwardMoving upwards Grammar:UpUp is an adverb, a preposition and an adjective.Grammar:Up as an adverbWe use up as an adverb to talk about movement towards a higher position, value, number or level:Grammar:Up as a prepositionWe use up to talk about a higher position or movement to a higher position:Grammar:Up as an adjectiveWe use up as an adjective usually to talk about increases in prices, levels or amounts:Grammar:Up to with numbersWe use up to with numbers and amounts when we are being approximate. It means ‘as much as’ or ‘not more than’:Grammar:Up as a particleUp is commonly used as a particle in phrasal verbs:
(Definition of up adverb (HIGHER) from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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