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English definition of “without”

without

preposition, adverb     /wɪˈðaʊt/
A2 not having or doing something, or lacking something: I've come out without my umbrella . You look nice without make-up . He went without my knowledge . I couldn't have done it without you. She's strong without being bossy . Do start without me.formal He's not without (= he does have some) qualities . This is without a doubt (= certainly ) the best Chinese food I've ever had. You shouldn't drive for more than three hours without tak ing a break . Without wish ing to be rude (= I don't want to be rude , but), don't you think you need a hair cut ? → See also do without (sth), go without (sth)Lacking thingsScarce, inadequate and not enoughEssential or necessary do without (sth)go without (sth)Grammar:WithoutThe preposition without means ‘not having something’ or ‘lacking something’:
(Definition of without prepositionadverb from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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