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English definition of “capital”

capital

noun
 
 
/ˈkæpɪtəl/
[U] FINANCE, ECONOMICS money that is used for investment or for starting a business: attract/borrow/raise capital Low-tax policies are used by some countries to attract capital.invest/inject capital The UK parent company decided not to inject further capital into the failing business. foreign/private capital Investors are finding that there has been a satisfactory return on capital.
[U] ACCOUNTING, FINANCE the total amount of money and property that an individual or company owns: tie up/release capital Most of our capital is tied up in property.
[U] FINANCE, ECONOMICS money that is lent or borrowed and will have to be paid back: Our mortgage is interest-only, so we're not paying off any of the capital.
[U] ECONOMICS, POLITICS people who own the businesses, land, industries, and other forms of wealth in society, considered as a group: There's a real conflict arising between the demands of capital and labour.
[C] (also capital city) the city where a country or state has its central government: What's the capital of China?
→ See also authorized share capital, called-up share capital, circulating capital, core capital, cost of capital, customer capital, debt capital, equity capital, fixed capital, flight capital, human capital, intellectual capital, knowledge capital, loan capital, nominal capital, operating capital, ordinary capital, paid-in capital, preference capital, preferred capital, return on capital, risk capital, share capital, social capital, Tier 2 capital, uncalled capital, venture capital, working capital
(Definition of capital from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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