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English definition of “claimant”

claimant

noun [C]     /ˈkleɪmənt/
INSURANCE a person or company that requests or receives payment from an insurance company for an accident, illness, damage to property, etc.: For medical malpractice insurance claims that we paid, fewer than 10% had a payout of $1 million or more.
a person who requests or receives payment of money that a government, organization, or company owes them: Tax credit payments are calculated according to the claimant's yearly income.
(also plaintiff) LAW a person who goes to court to make a legal complaint against someone else: The claimant commenced this action to recover damages that were sustained while working for the defendant.
LAW someone who demands the right to be the legal owner of a particular property, payment, or title: He was declared the legitimate claimant to the throne.
(Definition of claimant noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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