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English definition of “damage”

damage

noun [U]
 
 
/ˈdæmɪdʒ/
harm that is done to someone or something that makes them less successful: damage to sth/sb The firm was lucky to get away with little damage to its reputation.do/cause damage (to sth/sb) The pensions scandal did a lot of damage to the Government's credibility.inflict damage on sth/sb Public relations disasters could inflict damage on the brand. The solicitors say their clients will hold the bank liable for any loss and damage suffered as a result of the arrangements. severe/irreparable/serious damage economic/financial damage
physical harm that is done to something: They asked their insurers to assess the damage so that they could make a claim.do/cause damage (to sth) The government estimates the damage done by the fires at millions of pounds. Roofs are most likely to suffer damage during a hurricane. storm/wind/water damage severe/irreparable/serious damage environmental/structural damage
damages [plural] LAW money that a person or organization is ordered by a court of law to pay to another person or organization because they are responsible for harming them in some way: They want the rival company to withdraw the product and pay damages.£140,000/$12 million, etc. in damages Juries have been handing out millions of dollars in damages for minor injuries. A party failing to fulfil their part of the contract will presumably be liable for damages.award damages (to sb) In addition to the damages awarded to Robertson, his wife was awarded $500,000.claim/seek/sue for damages (for sth) He was seeking damages for breach of contract,.be awarded/receive/recover damages (for sth) If the odds of survival fell because of a missed diagnosis, victims would be able to try to recover damages.
the damage is done harm has been caused and it is too late to change the situation: Even though he was acquitted, the damage was done.
→ See also actual damages, additional damages, apparent damage, civil damages, compensatory damages, consequential damages, criminal damage, exemplary damages, incidental damages, liquidated damages, money damages, nominal damages, non-economic damages, property damage, punitive damages, treble damages, unspecified damages
(Definition of damage noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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