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English definition of “disability”

disability

noun     /ˌdɪsəˈbɪləti/
[C] an illness, injury, or medical condition that makes it difficult for someone to do the things that other people do: All service providers need to think about how they cater for customers with disabilities. If the injury caused by the job does not qualify as a disability, the employer is not legally obliged to find the employee other work. a physical/mental disability
[U] the state of having an illness, injury, or medical condition that makes it difficult to do the things that other people do: The law prohibits workplace discrimination against employees because of disability, race, creed, color, sex, age, or national origin. short-term/long-term/permanent disability physical/mental disability disability allowance/claims/compensation
[U] US GOVERNMENT, FINANCE money that is paid by the government to someone who cannot work because of an illness, injury, or medical condition: Terry used to work in a local factory but is now on disability because of an accident. a disability check
(Definition of disability noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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