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English definition of “duty”

duty

noun     /ˈdjuːti/ US   /ˈduːti/ (plural duties)
[C or U] LAW a responsibility to do something because it is legally or morally right to do it: Every lawyer has a strong sense of duty and responsibility .a duty to do sth They have a duty to ensure customers receive sound advice .be sb's duty It is your duty to announce any conflict of interest .do your duty I felt that I had done my duty in reporting the incident to the police . It was alleged that the company had failed in its duty to advise customers of the technical aspects of the paint system .
[C, usually plural] HR something that you have to do because it is part of your job : His duties included photographing engineering projects such as bridges and airfields .perform/undertake/do duties People employed under similar conditions should not be paid less than others performing similar duties. teaching / cleaning / administrative duties
[U] HR one of the periods of time that a working day is divided into during which someone works : night/day duty Daniels volunteered for night duty so he could take classes at the University of Arizona.
[C or U] TAX, COMMERCE a tax paid on goods that are bought or imported : duty on sth He said that duty on a bottle of wine in France is equivalent to 2p compared with £1.16 here.impose/raise/increase duty The duty on house purchases of £250,000 or more was increased to 2.5%. a cut / rise / increase in duty fuel / tobacco / petrol duty
off duty not working , and not responsible for dealing with things that happen at work : He summoned his entire unit to a crisis meeting , even though many were off duty. When your Estate Manager goes off duty, the alarm system will be monitored by a remote service .
on duty working , and responsible for dealing with things that happen at work : During office hours there is always a planning officer on duty who deals with enquiries . The night shift goes on duty at 10 pm.
→ See also breach of duty, countervailing duty, customs duty, death duty, discriminating duty, duty-free, estate duty, excise duty, export duty, heavy-duty, import duty, light-duty, medium-duty, specific duty, stamp duty
(Definition of duty noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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