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English definition of “file”

file

verb [T]     /faɪl/
to store information or documents carefully so that they are easy to find, either in a place such as a folder or desk, or on a computer: The effective e-manager will make it clear where on the system to file documents.file sth under sth An organization with initials in the name, eg W H Smith, will be filed under the initial, in this case W.file sth away It's tempting to file away all the paperwork relating to your pension and forget about it.
LAW to officially record something such as a complaint: file a lawsuit/a suit/charges He is planning to file a lawsuit against the current chairman for an alleged violation of a clause in his contract. file a complaint/claim/petition
ACCOUNTING to officially send something such as your accounts: Any gain or loss should be reported when you file your tax return. It was found that the company had failed to file accounts at Companies House.
(Definition of file verb from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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