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English definition of “inflation”

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inflation

noun [U]
 
 
/ɪnˈfleɪʃən/ ECONOMICS, FINANCE
an increase in prices over time, causing a reduction in the value of money: high/low/moderate inflation Higher inflation threatens to force interest rates higher.falling/rising inflation Two decades of falling inflation and falling interest rates provided an exceptional, probably unique, boost to equities. accelerating/runaway/galloping inflationa surge/increase/rise in inflation The rise in inflation will be seen as a major set-back for the chancellor. a decline/fall/reduction in inflation to control/curb/reduce inflationpush up/fuel inflation The government raised prices to encourage production, further fuelling inflation. the overall rate of inflationabove/below inflation He is planning to increase public spending by 3.3% above inflation for the next three years. The rankings are based on the banks' return on equity, which is then adjusted for inflation.keep pace with/outstrip inflation The agency's budget has not kept pace with inflation and the staff has been cut. →  Compare deflation , disinflation , reflation →  See also anti-inflation , asset inflation , consumer price inflation , core inflation , cost inflation , cost-push inflation , creep noun , demand inflation , demand-pull inflation , double-digit inflation , headline inflation , hyperinflation , runaway , underlying inflation , wage inflation , wage-push inflation , zero inflation
Translations of “inflation”
in Korean 팽창…
in Arabic تَضَخُم, زِيادة في الأَسْعار…
in Portuguese inflação…
in Catalan inflació…
in Japanese インフレ…
in Italian inflazione…
in Chinese (Traditional) 通貨膨脹…
in Russian инфляция…
in Turkish gereksiz artış, enflasyon…
in Chinese (Simplified) 通货膨胀…
in Polish inflacja…
(Definition of inflation from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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