Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

English definition of “inflation”

inflation

noun [U]
 
 
/ɪnˈfleɪʃən/ ECONOMICS, FINANCE
an increase in prices over time, causing a reduction in the value of money: high/low/moderate inflation Higher inflation threatens to force interest rates higher.falling/rising inflation Two decades of falling inflation and falling interest rates provided an exceptional, probably unique, boost to equities. accelerating/runaway/galloping inflationa surge/increase/rise in inflation The rise in inflation will be seen as a major set-back for the chancellor. a decline/fall/reduction in inflation to control/curb/reduce inflationpush up/fuel inflation The government raised prices to encourage production, further fuelling inflation. the overall rate of inflationabove/below inflation He is planning to increase public spending by 3.3% above inflation for the next three years. The rankings are based on the banks' return on equity, which is then adjusted for inflation.keep pace with/outstrip inflation The agency's budget has not kept pace with inflation and the staff has been cut. → Compare deflation, disinflation, reflation → See also anti-inflation, asset inflation, consumer price inflation, core inflation, cost inflation, cost-push inflation, creep noun, demand inflation, demand-pull inflation, double-digit inflation, headline inflation, hyperinflation, runaway, underlying inflation, wage inflation, wage-push inflation, zero inflation
(Definition of inflation from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of inflation?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

Definitions of “inflation” in other dictionaries

Word of the Day

maiden

a girl or young woman

Word of the Day

Countability – grammar codes

by Dom Glennon​​,
November 26, 2014
Advices and informations Have you ever noticed strange codes in square brackets on entries in Cambridge Dictionaries Online and wondered what they mean? These are grammar codes, giving you a brief summary of how that word behaves grammatically. More information can be obtained by hovering your cursor over the code, and there’s

Read More 

ped-text verb

November 24, 2014
to text someone while walking I’m ped-texting, I’m looking down at my phone, 75 percent of the time.

Read More