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English definition of “lame duck”

lame duck

noun [C]    
an unsuccessful person , thing, or organization : A lot of time and effort goes into supporting employees who are essentially lame ducks . This is regarded by many as a lame-duck initiative that has failed to deliver its promises .
POLITICS an elected official whose power is reduced because the person who will replace them has already been elected : The two years he has before he's perceived as a lame duck will be the most powerful period of his presidency .
a person in a position of authority in a company or organization whose power is reduced because their time in the job is about to end: It's frustrating that the present MD is a lame duck and can't really change anything very much.
(Definition of lame duck noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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