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English definition of “run”

run

verb     /rʌn/ (running, ran, run)
[I or T] to operate, or make something operate: Keep clear of the fans while they're running. Do you know how to run this sort of machinery? We've run the computer program, but nothing happens.
[T] MANAGEMENT to be in control of or manage something: He's been running his own company since he left school. She left me to run the store while she went on her lunch break. well-run/poorly-rungovernment-run/family-run/student-run The restaurant is a family-run business. privately-run/publicly-run/professionally-run
[I or T] TRANSPORT to travel or move in a particular way, or cause something to do this: Trains are still running, despite the snow. A bus runs into town three times a day. We're running four more trains than usual to accommodate the high number of passengers.
[I or T] to continue or happen, or cause something to continue or happen in a particular way: A magazine subscription usually runs for one year. We'll be running the course for another year.run smoothly/run according to plan To ensure that these projects run smoothly, executives are now encouraged to attend training courses.
[T] to take something to a person or place: run sth over/out/down, etc. to sb/sth Can you run these orders over to the warehouse, please?
[I] to be or continue at or near a particular level: run at sth Inflation has been running at 2% for the past year. Supplies are running low.
[T] to show something in a newspaper or magazine, on television, etc.: run a story/article/piece They ran the advertisement on all the major networks for a month.
[I] POLITICS, GOVERNMENT to try to be elected to government or other position in an election: run for sth He ran for state Attorney General in 2010. Meyers decided to run for office again the following year.run against sb She is running against a multi-millionaire businessman.
run a check (on sb/sth) to look through records to find out facts about someone or something: We run background checks on all prospective employees.
run a test (on sth) to perform a scientific examination to determine if something works, someone is healthy, etc.: We ran performance tests on the preproduction machine, which performed well. Doctors ran tests to try to determine if the workers' health problems were work-related.
run a deficit/surplus ECONOMICS, GOVERNMENT if a government runs a deficit or surplus, it has less or more money in its accounts than it needs: The previous government was happy to run a huge deficit for years.
run a/the risk of doing sth to be in a situation in which there is the possibility that something bad might happen: A company without good customer service runs the risk of losing its customers' good will.
run a tight ship to control a business or other organization firmly and effectively: The woman who manages the post room runs a very tight ship.
run your eye over sth to look quickly at the whole of something: Would you mind running your eye over this agreement before I sign it?
be running late to be unable to get to a place by the agreed or expected time
run around in circles informal to be very active without achieving any good results: Peter's been running round in circles since half his department resigned.
run out of time to have no time left to finish something or get to a place: We're running out of time - the report has to be ready for the meeting tonight.
run short (of sth) to have a low supply of something: Forecasting is crucial: you don't want to run short or have a warehouse of unsold product. The online travel site denies that it is running short of cash.
run the numbers FINANCE to do calculations in order to decide whether a particular plan is financially practical: She ran the numbers and decided to re-finance her mortgage.
run the rule over sth to examine something to see if it is good enough or right for a particular purpose: A number of bidders are understood to be running the rule over the company.
run the show informal to be the leader in control of a group of people doing something: If you need help, ask Mark - he's running the show.
→ See also up adjective, run across sb, run across sth, run around, run sth by/past sb, run down, run into sb, run into sth, run sth off, run on, run out, run over sth, run through sth, run to sth, run sth up, run up against sth, run with sth
(Definition of run verb from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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