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English definition of “sanction”

sanction

noun     /ˈsæŋkʃən/
[C, usually plural] POLITICS an official order to stop or limit trade or communication with a country in order to make it obey international law : sanctions on sth This averted the threat of American sanctions on Japanese car exports .impose sanctions against/on sb The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on the country to curb its nuclear program . economic / financial / trade sanctions drop / ease / lift sanctions apply / enforce sanctions international sanctions
[C] LAW a punishment given when someone does not obey a rule or a law : criminal / legal sanctions The State Department needs to determine how it will apply sanctions. He could face sanctions if a judge concludes he violated the terms of his probation .
[U] LAW formal or legal approval or permission : sanction for sth Agricultural companies in the area cannot get official sanction for logging .
(Definition of sanction noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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