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English definition of “stock”

stock

noun
 
 
/stɒk/
[U] COMMERCE the total amount of goods that a store or business has for sale: They've got warehouses full of stock.be in stock If an item is in stock, it can be supplied the next day.have/keep sth in stock We can't keep enough high-end products in stock.be out of stock If any part of your order is out of stock, we will notify you. Most supermarkets don't have much back-room space to keep a lot of stock.
[C or U] PRODUCTION, COMMERCE, ACCOUNTING goods that a company owns, such as parts, materials, or finished products: Companies will have to run down stocks before production can really pick up again. We have reduced stock levels to reflect lower expectations of demand. Firms should start preparing in January by deciding how much stock they'll need.
[C or U] PRODUCTION a supply of goods or materials: Oklahoma provide up to 50% of the corn stock needed. There is a shortage of housing stock. Coffee prices rose ahead of an expected drop in stocks of beans. World fish stocks are dangerously low.
[C or U] ( written abbreviation stk.) STOCK MARKET, FINANCE part of the ownership of a company that people have as an investment in the form of shares: In November, the company's stock hit $2 a share.stock rises/falls The stock fell 15.5p below the flotation price.invest in/buy/hold stock The plan would allow shareholders to buy stock at a 50% discount. James cashed in his stocks and shares. He received $1.9 million in stock. She purchased three 1,000-share blocks of the stock.
[C or U] ( also government stock) FINANCE, GOVERNMENT a type of low-risk investment sold by the government that produces a fixed rate of interest: Dealers reported a flow of funds out of equities into government stock. Her portfolio of shares and government stocks grew in value.
→ See also active stock, advancing share, all-stock, authorized stock, average stock, barometer stock, bearer stock, Big Board stock, bonus stock, buffer stock, build-to-stock, capital stock, closing stock, common stock, Consolidated Stock, convertible loan stock, convertible stock, cyclical stock, dead stock, debenture stock, Exchequer stock, ex stock, gilt stocks, glamour stock, growth stock, housing stock, income stock, irredeemable stock, listed stock, loan stock, make-to-stock, new stock, opening stock, ordinary stock, participating preferred stock, partly-paid stock, penny stock, preferred stock, quoted stock, redeemable stock, registered stock, rolling stock, safety stock, sleeper stock, small stock, split stock, tap stock, tracking stock, trading stock, treasury stock, value stock, watered stock, when-issued stock, widow-and-orphan stock
(Definition of stock noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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