› [C] MONEY, FINANCE an amount of money: Share price slid by 1p to 142p fuelled by concerns that the company might offer too generous a sum for the proposed venture in India. The sale of Germany's biggest commercial TV operator **for an undisclosed sum** follows a bidding contest. Banks may not be prepared to open an account if **the sum involved** is too small.large/huge/enormous sums Restrictions have been imposed by the government on the movement of large sums of money out of the country.a small/modest/substantial sum A substantial sum has been set aside for litigation relating to the construction project.an additional/cash/final sum The final sum an investor receives from a pension is dependent on the rate of investment growth. **vast/huge/considerable sums**a sum of $8/£2,000/€1.2m, etc. Legislation approved yesterday will raise a much-needed sum of £300,000 for use on the roads.pay (out)/spend/invest a sum Deposits are non-recoverable cash sums paid just to reserve a property, with a further sum payable when contracts are exchanged.earn/receive/owe a sum Victims of an explosion at a chemical works are set to receive large sums in compensation.borrow/lend a sum First-time buyers are having to borrow huge sums to buy a home.

› [S] ( also sum total) the number or amount that is the result of adding together two or more numbers or amounts: sum of sth In 2006, the sum of all income for residents of Colorado rose by 6.5%.

› [C] UK a calculation that involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing numbers: You need to **do your sums** before deciding whether you would benefit more from a fixed-rate or a tracker mortgage. Amid the pressure to get their sums right, many funds have closed to new business.

› [S] ( also sum total) the whole of something after all the different features or parts of it are considered: the sum of sth We believe that the sum of our business principles maximizes our chances of success.

more/greater than the sum of its parts › more powerful, effective, etc. as a whole than you would think if you considered the different features or parts that it consists of: The claimed logic of this latest merger is that the whole will be more than the sum of the parts.

in sum › used at the end of a report or discussion before giving a short description of the main ideas or facts: We're looking, in sum, for a major player who believes in newspapers as a serious business.

a princely/tidy sum › a large amount of money: She sold her story to the tabloids for a princely sum. We have **made a tidy sum** on our investments.

the princely sum of sth › used in a humorous way to refer to an unexpectedly small amount of money: The book was first published in the UK in 1972 for the princely sum of 40p.

→ See also capital sum , lump sum in Korean | 액수, 합계… |

in Arabic | مَبْلَغ, حِسْبة… |

in French | somme, somme (d’argent), problème d’arithmétique… |

in Turkish | toplam, tutar, yekûn… |

in Italian | somma, calcolo… |

in Chinese (Traditional) | 錢數, 金額… |

in Russian | сумма, арифметическая задача, пример… |

in Polish | kwota, suma, obliczenie… |

in Spanish | suma, suma (de dinero), problema de aritmética… |

in Portuguese | quantia, quantidade, soma… |

in German | die Summe, das Rechnen… |

in Catalan | suma, operació aritmètica… |

in Japanese | 金額, 合計… |

in Chinese (Simplified) | 钱数, 金额… |

(Definition of sum from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary
© Cambridge University Press)

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January 21, 2015

It is an odd irony that the more sophisticated your use of English is, the more likely you are to use French words and phrases. Or, to be more accurate, ones you know to be French – words such as ballet, au pair, abattoir, fiancé, café, and restaurant are so entrenched in