Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

English definition of “surplus”

surplus

noun [C or U]
 
 
/ˈsɜːpləs/
an amount that is more than is needed: a surplus of sth The plant had a surplus of components.
ACCOUNTING, ECONOMICS the amount of money that you have left when you sell more than you buy, or spend less than you receive: The savings will create a surplus of a little more than $24 million. The overall gap continues to reflect a deficit in the trade of goods and a surplus in services. → Compare deficit
in surplus used to describe a situation when a business or country has spent less money than it has received: This year the budget will be in surplus.
→ See also budget surplus, buyer's surplus, consumer surplus, structural surplus, trade surplus
(Definition of surplus noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of surplus?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

Definitions of “surplus” in other dictionaries

Word of the Day

bright spark

a person who is intelligent, and full of energy and enthusiasm

Word of the Day

Highly delighted, bitterly disappointed, ridiculously cheap: adverbs for emphasis.

by Liz Walter,
October 22, 2014
We often make adjectives stronger by putting an adverb in front of them. The most common ones are very and, for a stronger meaning, extremely: He was very pleased. The ship is extremely large. However, we don’t use very or extremely for adjectives that already have a strong meaning, for example fantastic,

Read More 

life tracking noun

October 20, 2014
the use of one or more devices or apps to monitor health, exercise, how time is spent, etc.

Read More