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English definition of “trial”

trial

noun     /ˈtraɪəl/
[C] PRODUCTION a test to discover how safe , effective , etc. a product is: a clinical/drug/field trial The company conducted three clinical trials to determine the drug's safety . conduct / run / undergo trials
[C or U] PRODUCTION, HR the process of using a product or employing a person for a short period in order to decide how effective or suitable they are: Under the scheme , employers fill a vacancy with a long-term unemployed individual on a trial basis for up to 15 working days . You can buy the equipment on trial and take it back if you don't like it. Agents are usually appointed for a trial period .
[C or U] LAW in a court of law , the process of judging whether a person is guilty of a crime or deciding a legal problem , which involves hearing statements , showing objects , etc.: await/face/stand trial He was ordered to stand trial on charges of unlawful computer use.be/go/be put on trial for sth The former chief executive is on trial for fraud . The company is scheduled to go to trial next year . get/be given a fair trial
trial and error a way of achieving something or solving a problem by trying a number of different methods and learning from the mistakes you make: Although some products ' quality can be verified through trial and error , this is not always practical . → See also acceptance trial, blind trial, free trial
(Definition of trial noun from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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