Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

English definition of “vertical”


GRAPHS & CHARTS a vertical line, column, etc. goes straight up or down rather than across: The vertical columns of the table were headed with the months of the year.
HR used to describe the different ranks of managers and workers in an organization: The vertical structures of the past are less popular now that decision-making and innovation are encouraged at all operating levels. If there are more than five levels of management, the organization is said to be high in vertical differentiation.
COMMERCE, FINANCE used to describe the different stages of an industrial or commercial process, and the organizations involved: vertical agreement/market/restraint Vertical restraints can be used to isolate national markets, particularly where there are price differences between EU Member States.
→ Compare horizontal
(Definition of vertical from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of vertical?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

Definitions of “vertical” in other dictionaries

Word of the Day

from the word go

from the start of something

Word of the Day

Countability – grammar codes

by Dom Glennon​​,
November 26, 2014
Advices and informations Have you ever noticed strange codes in square brackets on entries in Cambridge Dictionaries Online and wondered what they mean? These are grammar codes, giving you a brief summary of how that word behaves grammatically. More information can be obtained by hovering your cursor over the code, and there’s

Read More 

ped-text verb

November 24, 2014
to text someone while walking I’m ped-texting, I’m looking down at my phone, 75 percent of the time.

Read More