Translation of "a" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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weak /ə/ uk strong // weak /ə/ us strong // also an

a determiner (NOT PARTICULAR)

A1 used before a noun to refer to a single thing or person that has not been mentioned before, especially when you are not referring to a particular thing or person

I've bought a car. 我买了辆轿车。
She's got a boyfriend. 她交了个男朋友。
There was a sudden loud noise. 突然发出一声巨响。
What a shame that you couldn't go to the party. 你不能去参加聚会,太可惜了。
I heard a child crying. 我听见有个孩子在哭。
Is he a friend of yours (= one of your friends)? 他是你的朋友吗?

A1 used to say what type of thing or person something or someone is

She wants to be a doctor when she grows up. 她长大了想当医生。
This is a very mild cheese. 这是一种很清淡的奶酪。
Experts think the painting may be a Picasso (= by Picasso). 专家们认为这幅画可能出自毕加索的手笔。

A1 used to mean any or every thing or person of the type you are referring to

Can you ride a bike? 你会骑自行车吗?
A cheetah can run faster than a lion. 猎豹能跑过狮子。
A teacher needs to have a lot of patience. 做老师需要很有耐心。

used before some uncountable nouns when you want to limit their meaning in some way, such as when describing them more completely or referring to one example of them

I only have a limited knowledge of Spanish. 我只懂一点西班牙语。
He has a great love of music. 他酷爱音乐。
There was a fierceness in her voice. 她的声音中透着股凶气。

A2 used before some nouns of action when referring to one example of the action

Take a look at this, Jez. 杰兹,看一下这个。
I'm just going to have a snack. 我正要去洗澡。
There was a knocking at the door. 有人敲门。

A2 used when referring to a unit or container of something, especially something you eat or drink

I'd love a coffee. 我想来杯咖啡。
All I had for lunch was a yogurt. 午饭我只喝了一杯酸奶。

A2 used before the first but not the second of two nouns that are referred to as one unit

a cup and saucer 一副杯碟
a knife and fork 一副刀叉

A2 used before some words that express a number or amount

a few days 几天
a bit of wool 一点羊毛
a lot of money 很多钱

used in front of a person's name when referring to someone who you do not know

There's a Ms Evans to see you. 有位埃文斯女士找你。

used in front of someone's family name when they are a member of that family

Is that a Wilson over there? 那边那个人是威尔逊家的人吗?

used before the name of a day or month to refer to one example of it

My birthday is on a Friday this year. 今年我的生日是个星期五。
It's been a very wet June. 今年6月一直都特别潮湿。

More examples

a determiner (ONE)

A1 one

a hundred 一百
a thousand 一千
a dozen 一打
There were three men and a woman. 有三位男士和一位女士。

A2 used between a fraction and a unit of measurement

half a mile 半英里
a quarter of a kilo 1/4公斤
three quarters of an hour 3刻钟
six tenths of a second 0.6秒

A2 used when saying how often something happens in a certain period

Take one tablet three times a day. 一日三次,每次一片。
I swim once a week. 我每星期游一次泳。

A2 used when saying how much someone earns or how much something costs in a certain period

She earns $100,000 a year. 她一年挣10万美元。
My plumber charges £30 an hour. 管子工每小时收我30英镑的维修费。
I pay £25 a week for my parking permit. 我的停车费是每周5英镑。


written abbreviation for amp noun


(Translation of “a” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)