Translation of "back" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary


adverb uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

B2 in, into, or towards a previous place or condition, or an earlier time

When you take the scissors, remember to put them back. 剪刀用完后记着要放回去。
He left a note saying "Gone out. Back soon." 他留了张便条,上面写着“出去一下,马上回”。
She went to Brazil for two years, but now she's back (= has returned). 她去美国呆了两年,现在回来了。
He looked back (= looked behind him) and saw they were following him. 他向后看了看,发现他们正跟着他。
Looking at her old photographs brought back (= made her remember) a lot of memories. 看着以前的照片,她想起了许多往事。
I was woken by a thunderstorm, and I couldn't get back to sleep (= could not sleep again). 我被雷暴惊醒后,再也无法入睡。
The last time we saw Lowell was back (= at an earlier time) in January. 我们最后一次见到洛厄尔是在1月初的时候。
This tradition dates back to (= to the earlier time of) the 16th century. 这个传统可追溯到16世纪。

A2 in return

If he hits me, I'll hit him back. 如果他打我,我就要还手。
You're not just going to let her say those things about you without fighting back, are you? 她说了你那样一些话,你不会就此算了,对吧?

A2 in reply

I'm busy at the moment - can I call you back? 我现在很忙——我回头给你打过去好吗?
I wrote to Donna several months ago, but she hasn't written back yet. 我几个月前给唐娜写过信,但她还没有回信。

B2 further away in distance

If we push the table back against the wall, we'll have more room. 如果把桌子往后推,靠着墙,就会腾出更多的空间。
"Keep back!" he shouted, "Don't come any closer!" “退后!”他大叫着,“不要再靠近了!”
He sat back on the sofa. 他向后靠坐在沙发上。
She threw back her head and laughed uproariously. 她仰起头,大笑不止。
The house is set back from the street. 那座房子远离公路。
noun [ C ] uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

A2 the inside or outside part of an object, vehicle, building, etc. that is furthest from the front

He jotted her name down on the back of an envelope. 他在信封背面匆匆记下了她的名字。
I found my tennis racket at the back of the cupboard. 我在衣柜的最里边找到了我的网球拍。
We sat at the back of the bus. 我们坐在公共汽车的后部。
Our seats were right at the back of the auditorium. 我们的座位正好就在剧院的后排。
Ted was out/round the back (= in the area behind the house)." “特德在哪儿?”“他在屋后。”
There is a beautiful garden at the back of (= behind) the house. 房后有个漂亮的花园。
If there's no reply at the front door, come round the back. 如果前门没人应答,就去后门。
He put his jacket on the back of his chair (= the part of the chair that you put your back against when you sit on it). 他把夹克搭在椅背上。
back to back

close together and facing in opposite directions:

The office was full of computers, and we had to sit back to back in long rows. 办公室里摆满了电脑,我们只好背靠背坐着,排成一排排的长队。

happening one after another, without interruption:

Coming up after the break, three Rolling Stones classics back to back. 短暂休息过后,接下来是3首滚石乐队经典歌曲连放。
→ See also back-to-back
back to front C2 UK US backwards

with the back part of something where the front should be

You've put your jumper on back to front. 你的工装前后穿反了。
the back of your hand

the side of your hand that has hair growing on it


A2 the part of your body that is opposite to the front, from your shoulders to your bottom

I have a bad back. 我背疼。
Sleeping on a bed that is too soft can be bad for your back. 睡太软的床会对背部有害。
He lay on his back, staring at the ceiling. 他仰面躺着,眼睛盯着天花板。
I turned my back (= turned around so that I could not see) while she dressed. 她穿衣服时我转过身去。
She put her back out (= caused a serious injury to her back) lifting a box. 她搬箱子时背部严重扭伤。

(in some sports, such as football) one of the players in a team who try to stop players from the other team from scoring goals, rather than trying to score goals himself or herself

(足球、曲棍球等运动的)后卫 → Compare forward noun
verb uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

C2 [ T ] to give support to someone or something with money or words

The management has refused to back our proposals. 管理层拒不支持我们的提议。

to risk money by saying that you think a horse, team, etc. will win a race, game, or competition in order to win more money if they do:

The horse I backed came in last. 我投注的那匹马得了最后一名。

C2 [ I or T, + adv/prep ] to (cause to) move backwards

Ann gave up driving when she backed the car into the garage door. 安倒车时撞上了车库大门,于是她从此再也不开车了。
Please could you back your car up a few feet so that I can get mine out of the driveway? 请你把车往后倒几英尺让我把车开出车道,好吗?

[ T ] to cover the back of something with a material, often to make it stronger or thicker

The material is backed with a heavy lining. 这种料子的里衬很厚实。
adjective [ before noun ] uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

at or near the back of something

She left the house by the back door. 她从后门离开了那座房子。
The back seat of the car folds down. 小汽车的后座可以折起来。

paid after the end of a period of time when it should have been paid:

They owe the staff several thousand in back pay.
back rent/taxes

(Translation of “back” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)