Translation of "back" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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backadverb

uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

back adverb (RETURN)

B2 in, into, or towards a previous place or condition, or an earlier time

在原处;回到原处;恢复原状;返回;回到以前
When you take the scissors, remember to put them back. 剪刀用完后记着要放回去。
He left a note saying "Gone out. Back soon." 他留了张便条,上面写着“出去一下,马上回”。
She went to Brazil for two years, but now she's back (= has returned). 她去美国呆了两年,现在回来了。
He looked back (= looked behind him) and saw they were following him. 他向后看了看,发现他们正跟着他。
Looking at her old photographs brought back (= made her remember) a lot of memories. 看着以前的照片,她想起了许多往事。
I was woken by a thunderstorm, and I couldn't get back to sleep (= could not sleep again). 我被雷暴惊醒后,再也无法入睡。
The last time we saw Lowell was back (= at an earlier time) in January. 我们最后一次见到洛厄尔是在1月初的时候。
This tradition dates back to (= to the earlier time of) the 16th century. 这个传统可追溯到16世纪。

A2 in return

作为回报
If he hits me, I'll hit him back. 如果他打我,我就要还手。
You're not just going to let her say those things about you without fighting back, are you? 她说了你那样一些话,你不会就此算了,对吧?

A2 in reply

作为回答
I'm busy at the moment - can I call you back? 我现在很忙——我回头给你打过去好吗?
I wrote to Donna several months ago, but she hasn't written back yet. 我几个月前给唐娜写过信,但她还没有回信。

More examples

  • After the trip, it was nice getting back to a few home comforts.
  • She thinks he'll come back, but she's deceiving herself.
  • That's enough, Peter. Give those toys back, please.
  • I think I locked the door but I'll go back and check just to make sure.
  • When I look back I can see where we went wrong.
  • Will you put the books back when you've finished with them?

back adverb (FURTHER AWAY)

B2 further away in distance

向后;远离
If we push the table back against the wall, we'll have more room. 如果把桌子往后推,靠着墙,就会腾出更多的空间。
"Keep back!" he shouted, "Don't come any closer!" “退后!”他大叫着,“不要再靠近了!”
He sat back on the sofa. 他向后靠坐在沙发上。
She threw back her head and laughed uproariously. 她仰起头,大笑不止。
The house is set back from the street. 那座房子远离公路。

More examples

  • Please stand back - then all of you will be able to see what I'm doing.
  • The line of traffic stretched back several miles.
  • Could you stand back from these shelves and tell me if they're level?
  • Our house is set back from the road.
  • As the body was carried through the crowd, people drew back respectfully .

backnoun [ C ]

uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

back noun [ C ] (FURTHEST PART)

A2 the inside or outside part of an object, vehicle, building, etc. that is furthest from the front

后面;后部;背面
He jotted her name down on the back of an envelope. 他在信封背面匆匆记下了她的名字。
I found my tennis racket at the back of the cupboard. 我在衣柜的最里边找到了我的网球拍。
We sat at the back of the bus. 我们坐在公共汽车的后部。
Our seats were right at the back of the auditorium. 我们的座位正好就在剧院的后排。
Ted was out/round the back (= in the area behind the house)." “特德在哪儿?”“他在屋后。”
There is a beautiful garden at the back of (= behind) the house. 房后有个漂亮的花园。
If there's no reply at the front door, come round the back. 如果前门没人应答,就去后门。
He put his jacket on the back of his chair (= the part of the chair that you put your back against when you sit on it). 他把夹克搭在椅背上。
back to front C2 UK US backwards

with the back part of something where the front should be

前后倒置
You've put your jumper on back to front. 你的工装前后穿反了。
the back of your hand

the side of your hand that has hair growing on it

手背

More examples

  • I always keep a tool set in the back of my car.
  • She lay on the grass and the stiff dry grass prickled the back of her legs.
  • The previous owner of the house had built an extension on the back.
  • I found her kneeling in prayer at the back of the church.
  • The keyboard plugs in at the back of the computer.

back noun [ C ] (BODY PART)

A2 the part of your body that is opposite to the front, from your shoulders to your bottom

背部,后背
I have a bad back. 我背疼。
Sleeping on a bed that is too soft can be bad for your back. 睡太软的床会对背部有害。
He lay on his back, staring at the ceiling. 他仰面躺着,眼睛盯着天花板。
I turned my back (= turned around so that I could not see) while she dressed. 她穿衣服时我转过身去。
She put her back out (= caused a serious injury to her back) lifting a box. 她搬箱子时背部严重扭伤。

More examples

  • The dog rolled over onto its back.
  • I pulled a muscle in my back lifting some drawers.
  • I go to sleep on my back but I always wake up in a different position.
  • Our dog has a black patch on his back.
  • I've got a pain in my lower back.

back noun [ C ] (SPORT)

(in some sports, such as football) one of the players in a team who try to stop players from the other team from scoring goals, rather than trying to score goals himself or herself

(足球、曲棍球等运动的)后卫
Compare

backverb

uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

back verb (SUPPORT)

C2 [ T ] to give support to someone or something with money or words

支持;资助
The management has refused to back our proposals. 管理层拒不支持我们的提议。

More examples

  • This theory needs to be backed up with solid empirical evidence.
  • The troops were backed by tanks, artillery, and other heavy armour.
  • It is hoped that all sides will back the peace plan.
  • A poll indicated that 77 percent of Americans backed the president's plan, with only 6 percent in opposition.
  • Although Paris backs the U.N. demands, it has made it clear it will not take part in any new military action.

back verb (MOVE AWAY)

C2 [ I or T, + adv/prep ] to (cause to) move backwards

(使)后退;使倒退
Ann gave up driving when she backed the car into the garage door. 安倒车时撞上了车库大门,于是她从此再也不开车了。
Please could you back your car up a few feet so that I can get mine out of the driveway? 请你把车往后倒几英尺让我把车开出车道,好吗?

back verb (COVER)

[ T ] to cover the back of something with a material, often to make it stronger or thicker

给某物加背衬使其更加坚固或厚实
The material is backed with a heavy lining. 这种料子的里衬很厚实。

backadjective [ before noun ]

uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

back adjective [ before noun ] (POSITION)

at or near the back of something

后面的,后部的,背部的
She left the house by the back door. 她从后门离开了那座房子。
The back seat of the car folds down. 小汽车的后座可以折起来。

More examples

  • It says on the back cover of the book 'highly commended'.
  • She skidded off the road when her back wheels hit an icy patch.
  • They sat in the back row of the cinema kissing and cuddling.
  • Let's take our drinks out into the back garden.
  • Apparently one of her back teeth is very sore.

(Translation of “back” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)