Translation of "do" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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doauxiliary verb

uk // /du/ /duː/ us // /du/ /duː/ did, done

do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)

A1 used with another verb to form questions and negative sentences, including negative orders, and sometimes in affirmative sentences for reasons of style

Where do you work? 你在哪里上班?
Why did you do that? 你为什么那么做?
Why don't we have lunch together on Friday? 我们周五为什么不一起吃午饭呢?
Doesn't Matthew look old these days? 这些天马修是不是有些见老?
"Didn't you realize she was deaf?" "No I didn't."/"Of course I did." “你没发现她耳聋吗?”“没有。”/“当然发现了。”
Not only did I speak to her, I even got her autograph! 我不仅和她说了话,而且还得到了她的亲笔签名。
formal Never did I hear such a terrible noise. 我从没听到过如此可怕的噪音。
Don't (you) speak to me like that! (你)别和我这样说话!
UK Don't let's argue about it (= let's not argue about it). 这件事我们不要再争了。
formal So quietly did she speak (= she spoke so quietly) that I could scarcely hear her. 她说话的声音太小,我几乎听不到。
Little does he know (= he knows nothing about it), but we're flying to Geneva next weekend to celebrate his birthday. 他还不知道呢,下周末我们要飞往日内瓦去给他庆祝生日。
"I want two chocolate bars and an ice cream." "Do you now/indeed? (= that is surprising or unreasonable)." “我要三块蛋糕、两个巧克力棒和一份冰激凌。”“你现在就要/真的要吗?”

A2 used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence to check information

You met him at our party, didn't you? 晚餐会上你和他见过面,对不对?
You don't understand the question, do you? 你没理解这个问题,是吗?

used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence as a way of expressing surprise

So Susannah and May finally got married, did they? 苏珊娜和盖伊终于结婚了,是吗?

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do auxiliary verb (TO AVOID REPEATING)

B1 used to avoid repeating a verb or verb phrase

She runs much faster than he does. 她跑得比他快多了。
Maria looks much healthier than she did. 玛丽亚看起来比过去健康了许多。
"I don't like intense heat." "Neither/Nor do I." “我不喜欢酷热的天气。”“我也是。”
"I hate intense heat." "So do I." “我讨厌炎热的天气。”“我也是。”
"You left your umbrella." "So I did. I'm so forgetful these days." “你忘了拿雨伞。”“还真是,这些天我有些健忘。”
UK "Would you mind tidying up the kitchen?" "I already have done." “你愿意收拾一下厨房吗?”“我已经收拾过了。”
"May I join you?" "Please do!" “我可以加入你们吗?”“请吧!”
"Who said that?" "I did." “谁说的?”“我。”
"Tilly speaks fluent Japanese." "Does she really?" “蒂丽日语说得很流利。”“真的吗?”
"I thought I'd take a day off school today." "Oh no you don't (= I'm not going to let you do that)!" “我本想今天请一天假不上学了。”“哦,那可不行!”

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do auxiliary verb (FOR EMPHASIS)

B2 [ + infinitive without to ] used to give extra force to the main verb

"Can I buy stamps here?" "Well, we do sell them, but we don't have any at the moment." “我能在这儿买些邮票吗?”“我们这里确实卖邮票,但现在没货。”
UK Do shut up, Georgia, and get on with your homework. 千万别说了,乔治娅,赶紧写作业吧。
UK Do write and let me know how you're getting on. 务必写信告诉我你的情况。
UK He cooks a lot does Alex. He does far more than me. 亚历克斯常做饭,他比我做的次数多得多。

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uk // /du/ /duː/ us // /du/ /duː/ did, done

do verb (PERFORM)

A1 [ T ] to perform, take part in, or achieve something

That was a really stupid thing to do. 那么做真是太愚蠢了。
What are you doing over the weekend? 这周末你准备干什么?
The only thing we can do now is wait and see what happens. 我们现在唯一能做的就是坐观事态发展。
UK Why were you sent to see the headmaster? What have you done now? 你为什么放学这么早?你又干了什么事?
US Why were you sent to the principal's office? What did you do now? 你为什么放学这么早?你又干了什么事?
You should be able to do it by yourself/on your own. 你自己应该能做到。
UK What have you done (= made happen) to her? 你对她都干了些什么?
US What did you do (= make happen) to her? 你对她都干了些什么?
What (on earth) were you doing in the library (= why were you there) at two o'clock in the morning? 凌晨两点钟你(到底)在图书馆干什么?
What are these toys doing here? (= Why are they here?) 这些玩具放在这里干什么?
What do you do (for a living)? (= What is your job?) 你做什么工作?
What can I do for you? (= How can I help you?) 我能为您做些什么?
UK What have you done with (= where have you put) my coat? 你把我的外套弄哪儿去了?你给藏起来了吗?
US What did you do with (= where did you put) my coat? 你把我的外套弄哪儿去了?你给藏起来了吗?
She just hasn't known what to do with herself (= how to keep herself busy) since she retired. 自从退休以后,她一直都不知道该干些什么。
do sth about sth

to take action to deal with something

It's a global problem - what can individuals do about it? 这是全球性的问题——个人能为此做些什么?
do well/badly by sb formal

to treat someone well or badly


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do verb (ACT)

[ I or T ] to act or take action

Stop arguing with me, Daryl, and do as you're told! 别再和我争辩了,达里尔,让你干什么你就干什么!
She told me not to ask any questions, just to do as she did. 她让我不要问任何问题,只管像她那样去干就行了。
"Was it wrong of me to go to the police?" "Oh no, I'm sure you did right/did the right thing." “我去找警察不对吗?”“哦,不,我肯定你干的没错。”
You'd do well to take some professional advice on this matter. 在这件事上听听专业人士的意见会大有裨益。

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do verb (CONNECTED)

to do with

B2 connected with

"Why did you want to talk to me?" "Well, it's to do with a complaint that's been made about your work." “为什么你要跟我谈话?”“因为这涉及到一起对你工作的投诉。”
"But I didn't have any money." "What does that have to do with it? You still shouldn't have taken my wallet without asking me." “可是我没有钱了。”“那和这件事有什么关系?你还是不应该不打招呼就把我的钱包拿走呀。”
She refused to have anything (more) to do with him after he was arrested for drinking and driving. 自从他因酒后驾车被捕后,她就拒绝与他(再)有任何联系。
"I thought I should tell you I saw your son smoking today." "Mind your own business! What my son does has nothing to do with you!" 我今天看见你儿子抽烟了,我觉得应该把这件事告诉你。”“你还是管好自己的事吧,行不行?我儿子做什么和你一点关系都没有!”

do verb (DEAL WITH)

A1 [ T ] to deal with or be responsible for something

Lucia is going to do the publicity for the school play. 露西娅将负责这部校园剧的宣传工作。
If they ask any awkward questions, just let me do the talking. 一旦他们提出棘手的问题,就让我来负责回答。

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do verb (STUDY)

A1 [ T ] UK to study a subject

Diane did anthropology at university. 黛安娜在大学读的是人类学。

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do verb (SOLVE)

[ T ] to solve or find the answer to something

to do a puzzle 玩智力游戏
I've never been able to do crosswords. 我从来不会玩填字游戏。

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do verb (MAKE)

A2 [ T ] to make, produce, or create something

I can't go out tonight - I've got to do my history paper. 今晚我不能出去——我得把历史课的论文写出来。
[ + two objects ] UK Can you do me 20 photocopies of this report/do 20 photocopies of this report for me? 你能把这份报告给我复印20份吗?

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do verb (FINISH)

UK [ I ] If you say that you have done with something or someone, or have done performing a particular action, you mean that you have finished what you were doing with something or someone, or what you were saying to someone, or that you have finished the action.

Have you done with those scissors yet? 你用完剪刀了吗?
Where are you going? I haven't done with you yet (= I am still talking to you). 你到底想去哪儿?我跟你还没说完呢。
[ + -ing verb ] I haven't done talking to you yet. 我跟你还没说完呢。


B1 [ I or T ] to clean something, or make something look neat and attractive

I cooked the dinner so you can do (= wash) the dishes. 我做了晚饭,所以你来洗碗吧。
do your hair/make-up/nails 做头发/化妆/修指甲
UK I want to do (= clean) the living room this afternoon. 今天下午我要打扫一下起居室。

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do verb (ARRANGE)

[ T ] mainly UK to arrange something

You've done those flowers beautifully. 你把那些花儿插得真漂亮。
Can anyone here do (= tie) bow-ties? 这里有人会打领结吗?

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do verb (TRAVEL)

[ T ] to travel a particular distance or to travel at a particular speed

It's an old car and it's done over 80,000 miles. 这是一辆旧车,已经跑了8万多英里。
My new car does 50 miles to the gallon (= uses one gallon of fuel to travel 50 miles) 我的新车1加仑汽油能跑50英里/1升汽油能跑30公里。
He was caught doing 80 miles an hour. 我们以每小时150公里的速度在高速公路上行驶。

[ T ] to complete a journey

We did the journey to Boston in five hours. 我们用5小时走完了到威尔士的路程。

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C1 [ I or T ] mainly UK to be acceptable, suitable, or enough

Will this room do or would you prefer one with a shower? 这个房间行吗?还是你想要个带淋浴的房间?
This kind of behaviour just won't do. 这种行为根本不能接受。
[ + to infinitive ] It doesn't do to criticize your parents. 不可以批评父母。
I don't have any grapefruit juice, but I've got some orange juice. Will that do (you)? 我没有葡萄汁,但有一些橙汁。(你)要吗?
"Is that enough potato, or would you like some more?" "That'll do (= be enough for) me, thanks." “那些马铃薯够吗?你还要吗?”“我要那些就够了,谢谢。”

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do verb (CAUSE TO HAVE)

[ T ] to provide or sell something, or to cause someone to have something

They are doing a special offer - three for the price of two. 现在他们正在搞特价优惠,花两件的价钱可以买3件。
Do you do travel insurance as well as flights? 除了飞行以外你们提供旅游保险吗?
The bar only does food at lunchtimes, not in the evenings. 这家酒馆只在午饭时提供食物,晚饭时没有。

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do verb (COOK)

[ T ] to cook or prepare food

Who's doing the food for your party? 谁为你的聚会准备食品?
[ + two objects ] UK I'll do you some scrambled eggs. 我来给你做点炒鸡蛋。

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do verb (MANAGE)

B1 [ I usually + adverb ] to develop or continue with the stated amount of success

How is Mary doing in her new job/school? 玛丽在新的工作岗位上干得/在新学校里学得怎么样?
Both the new mother and her baby are doing very well. 产妇和新生儿目前都状况良好。
Are your roses doing all right this year? 今年你的玫瑰长得好吗?
Many small businesses are doing badly because of the economic situation. 由于目前的经济形势,很多商店都处于惨淡经营的状态。
I did pretty well when I traded in my car - they gave me a good price for it. 我做的折旧贴换新车很划算——他们给我的旧车出了个好价钱。
Alexa has done well for herself (= has achieved great personal success), getting such a highly paid job. 亚历克莎得到这样一份高薪的工作,干得真不错。

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do verb (PLAY)

[ T ] to perform a play or to play the part of a character

The children are doing a play at the end of term. 期末孩子们要演戏。
She's done all the important Shakespearean roles except for Lady Macbeth. 她扮演过莎士比亚戏剧中除麦克白夫人以外的所有重要角色。
I hope she doesn't do a Helen (= do what Helen did) and get divorced six months after her wedding. 我希望她不要像海伦那样结婚6个月就离婚。

do verb (VISIT)

[ T ] informal to visit the interesting places in a town or country, or to look around an interesting place

We didn't get to do Nice when we were in France. 我们在法国时没能去尼斯游览。

do verb (STEAL)

[ T ] UK informal to enter a building illegally and steal from it

Our house was done while we were away. 我们外出时家中失窃了。

do verb (CHEAT)

[ T ] UK informal to cheat someone

$50 for that old bike! You've been done! 那辆旧自行车花了50美元!你上当了!
He did me for a thousand quid for that car. 他那辆汽车骗了我1000英镑。

do verb (PRISON)

[ T ] informal to spend time in prison

He did three years for his part in the robbery. 他因参与抢劫坐了3年牢。
If you're not careful you'll end up doing time again. 如果不小心你还会再进监狱。

do verb (PUNISH)

[ T ] mainly UK informal to punish someone

If you mess with me again, I'll do you good and proper. 你如果再跟我捣乱,我可要好好治治你了。
I got done (= stopped by the police) for speeding on my way home last night. 昨晚回家时,我超速驾驶被警察截住了。

do verb (TAKE DRUG)

[ T ] informal to take an illegal drug

How long have you been doing heroin? 你服用海洛因有多久了?
I don't do drugs. 我不吸毒。

do verb (HAPPEN)

be doing UK informal

to be happening

This town is so boring in the evening - there's never anything doing. 晚上这座城镇很无聊——从来都没有什么事情发生。

donoun [ C ]

uk /duː/ us /duː/ plural dos

do noun [ C ] (TREATMENT)

UK informal a way of treating people

There are no special privileges for the managers - we believe in fair dos all round (= equal treatment for everyone) in this company. 经理没有任何特权——在这家公司里我们讲究人人平等。
It's a poor do (= a bad/unfair situation) when a so-called developed country can't even provide homes for all its citizens. 一个所谓的发达国家竟然无法为所有国民提供住所,这太糟糕了。

do noun [ C ] (PARTY)

mainly UK informal a party or other social event

Colin's having a bit of a do for his 50th birthday.
It was one of those dos where nobody really knew each other. 那是一次来宾们相互都不认识的社交活动。

do noun [ C ] (HAIR)

US a hairdo


donoun [ S ]

also doh uk /dəʊ/ us /doʊ/

the first note of the sol-fa musical scale

Would you sing me a do, please? 请给我唱下哆音好么?

(Translation of “do” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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