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Chinese (Simplified) translation of “do”

do

auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)
用于疑问句/否定句
 
 
// /du/ /duː/ (did, done)
used with another verb to form questions and negative sentences, including negative orders, and sometimes in affirmative sentences for reasons of style
(与另一动词连用构成疑问句和否定句,包括倒装句,有时因文体原因亦可用于肯定句)
Where do you work?
你在哪里上班?
Why did you do that?
你为什么那么做?
Why don't we have lunch together on Friday?
我们周五为什么不一起吃午饭呢?
Doesn't Matthew look old these days?
这些天马修是不是有些见老?
"Didn't you realise she was deaf?" "No I didn't."/"Of course I did."
“你没发现她耳聋吗?”“没有。”/“当然发现了。”
Not only did I speak to her, I even got her autograph!
我不仅和她说了话,而且还得到了她的亲笔签名。
formal Never did I hear such a terrible noise.
我从没听到过如此可怕的噪音。
Don't (you) speak to me like that!
(你)别和我这样说话!
UK Don't let's argue about it (= Let's not argue about it).
这件事我们不要再争了。
formal So quietly did she speak (= She spoke so quietly) that I could scarcely hear her.
她说话的声音太小,我几乎听不到。
Little does he know (= He knows nothing about it), but we're flying to Geneva next weekend to celebrate his birthday.
他还不知道呢,下周末我们要飞往日内瓦去给他庆祝生日。
"I want three cakes, two chocolate bars and an ice cream." "Do you now/indeed? (= That is surprising or unreasonable)."
“我要三块蛋糕、两个巧克力棒和一份冰激凌。”“你现在就要/真的要吗?”
used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence to check information
(在用来确认信息的疑问句中代替主要动词)
You met him at our dinner party, didn't you?
晚餐会上你和他见过面,对不对?
You don't understand the question, do you?
你没理解这个问题,是吗?
used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence as a way of expressing surprise
(在表示惊奇的疑问句中代替主要动词)
So Susannah and Guy finally got married, did they?
苏珊娜和盖伊终于结婚了,是吗?
Expressions of surprise
(Definition of do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES) from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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