Translation of "force" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

force

noun uk /fɔːs/ us /fɔːrs/
PHYSICAL 力量

B2 [ U ] physical, especially violent, strength, or power

力,力量;力气;(尤指)暴力,武力
The force of the wind had brought down a great many trees in the area. 强风刮倒了这一地区的许多树木。
She slapped his face with unexpected force. 她扇了他一耳光,出乎意料地用力。
Teachers aren't allowed to use force in the classroom. 老师管教学生时禁止使用体罚。
The police were able to control the crowd by sheer force of numbers (= because there were more police than there were people in the crowd). 警方完全依靠人数上的优势才控制住了人群。
in force

in large numbers

众多地,大批地
Photographers were out in force at the White House today 许多摄影师今天出现在王宫。

[ C or U ] specialized in scientific use, (a measure of) the influence that changes movement

(物理学上的)力;(力的)强度
the force of gravity 重力
combine/join forces

C2 to work with someone else in order to achieve something that you both want

合力,协力,合作
INFLUENCE 影响

C2 [ C or U ] (a person or thing with a lot of) influence and energy

影响;活力;影响大的人(或事物)
He was a powerful force in politics. 在战争年代他是英国政坛上举足轻重的人物。
Fishermen are always at the mercy of the forces of nature (= bad weather conditions). 渔夫们总是听天由命。
a force to be reckoned with

C2 If an organization or a person is described as a force to be reckoned with, it means that they are powerful and have a lot of influence.

不可小视的一支力量
The United Nations is now a force to be reckoned with. 联合国现在是一个不可小视的组织。
force of habit

If you do something out of force of habit, you do it without thinking because you have done it so many times before.

习惯力量
GROUP 团体

B2 [ C ] a group of people organized and trained, especially for a particular purpose

(尤指)武装部队,部队;警察部门;(为某目的组织起来的)一群人
the security forces 安保部队
the work force 劳动大军
He joined the police force right after graduating. 他从学校一毕业就当了警察。
the forces [ plural ]

the military organizations for air, land, and sea

(海陆空三军)武装力量
IN OPERATION 在运作中
in/into force

C2 (of laws, rules, or systems) existing and being used

(法律、规定或制度)已生效/开始实施
New driving regulations are going to come into force this year. 新的驾驶规章今年开始实施。
verb [ T ] uk /fɔːs/ us /fɔːrs/
GIVE NO CHOICE 不给选择

B2 to make something happen or make someone do something difficult, unpleasant, or unusual, especially by threatening or not offering the possibility of choice

强迫,迫使
[ + to infinitive ] I really have to force myself to be nice to him. 我确实得要强迫自己才能做到对他和颜悦色。
[ + to infinitive ] You can't force her to make a decision. 你不能强迫她作决定。
Hospitals are being forced to close departments because of lack of money. 由于缺乏资金,医院正被迫关闭部分诊疗科。
You could tell he was having to force back the tears (= stop himself from crying). 你能看得出他在强忍着泪水。
I didn't actually want any more dessert, but Julia forced it on me (= made me accept it). 我其实不想再要甜点了,但是朱莉亚硬要我吃。
I couldn't stay at their flat - I'd feel as if I was forcing myself on them (= making them allow me to stay). 我没法呆在他们的公寓——我会觉得好像是自己在勉强他们留我一样。
You never tell me how you're feeling - I have to force it out of you (= make you tell me)! 你从不告诉我你的感受——我要逼你说才行!

specialized biology, food & drink If plants or vegetables are forced, they are made to grow faster by artificially controlling growing conditions such as the amount of heat and light.

催熟,加速植物生长(通过认为改变植物生长环境,如光热程度等)
forced strawberries 催熟的草莓
force a laugh/smile

to manage, with difficulty, to laugh or smile

挤出一丝笑容,强颜欢笑
I managed to force a smile as they were leaving. 他们离开时,我强装笑颜。
force an/the issue

to take action to make certain that an urgent problem or matter is dealt with now

采取断然行动迫使问题得到解决
If the management wouldn't listen to their demands, they would have to force the issue by striking. 如果管理层不理会他们的要求,他们就不得不通过罢工来迫使问题得到解决。
USE PHYSICAL POWER 使用身体的力量

C2 to use physical strength or effort to make something move or open

用力移动;强行打开
Move your leg up gently when you're doing this exercise, but don't force it. 在做这一动作时把腿轻轻往上抬,但不要用力。
If you force the zip, it'll break. 如果你使劲拉拉链,会拉坏的。
She forced her way through the crowd. 她在人群中挤出一条路。

to break a lock, door, window, etc. in order to allow someone to get in

砸开(锁、门、窗等),把…撬开
I forgot my key, so I had to force a window. 我忘带钥匙了,只好撬窗进去。
[ + adj ] The police had forced open the door because nobody had answered. 因为没人应门,警察强行将门砸开了。
The burglar forced an entry (= broke a window, door, etc. to get into the house). 那个窃贼破门而入。

Idiom(s)

(Translation of “force” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)