Translation of "former" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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formeradjective [ before noun ]

uk /ˈfɔː.mər/ us /ˈfɔːr.mɚ/

B1 of or in an earlier time; before the present time or in the past

较早的,早先的;以前的;旧时的
his former wife 他的前妻
a former employer 前雇主
the former president of the United States 美国前总统
The luxury apartments are in a former factory. 这座房子以前是谷仓,现已改建一新,十分漂亮。
The painting was then restored to its former glory (= returned to its original good condition). 这幅油画又恢复了原先的光彩。
It was a long time after the accident before he seemed like his former self (= behaved in the way he had before). 事故过后很长时间,他似乎才恢复了先前的样子。

More examples

  • We need a reference from your former employer.
  • Australia and New Zealand are former British colonies.
  • A large majority of the population is demanding the restoration of the former government.
  • She stiffened when her former husband walked into the room.
  • He's a former world heavyweight boxing champion.

formernoun [ S ]

uk /ˈfɔː.mər/ us /ˈfɔːr.mɚ/
the former

More examples

  • I agree with the latter point, but not with the former.
  • Of the two proposals, they accepted the former.
  • Of the two options, we've gone for the former.
  • The former was rejected in favour of the latter.
  • The heavyweight contest between Smith and Walker was decided when the former was knocked out in the second round.

B2 the first of two people, things, or groups previously mentioned

前者,前一个
Of the two suggestions, I prefer the former. 这两个建议中,我更喜欢前一个。
Compare

-formersuffix

uk / -fɔː.mər/ us / -fɔːr.mɚ/

a student of the stated class group

某年级的学生
sixth-formers (= students usually aged 16–18) 六年级学生

(Translation of “former” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)