Translation of "ground" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

ground

noun uk /ɡraʊnd/ us /ɡraʊnd/
LAND 陆地
the ground [ S ]

B1 the surface of the earth

地,地面
I sat down on the ground. 我坐在地上。

B2 [ U ] soil

土;土壤;土地
soft/stony ground 松软的/满是石头的土地
The ground was frozen hard and was impossible to dig. 土地冻实了,根本挖不动。

B1 [ C ] an area of land used for a particular purpose or activity

(有特殊用途的)地域,场地
a football ground 足球场
The lake has become a dumping ground for toxic chemicals.
skills learnt on the training ground (= place where sports teams practise)
grounds [ plural ]

C2 the gardens and land that surround a building and often have a wall or fence around them

(常由墙或栅栏围起来的建筑物周围的)庭院,场地,花园
We went for a walk around the hospital grounds. 我们在医院的院子里散步走了几圈。
CAUSE 原因

C2 [ C usually plural ] a reason, cause, or argument

原因;根据;理由
She is suing the company on grounds of unfair dismissal. 她正以公司不公正解雇她为由对其提起诉讼。
UK Do you have any ground for suspecting them? 你有什么根据怀疑他们?
[ + to infinitive ] We have grounds to believe that you have been lying to us. 我们有理由相信,你一直在对我们撒谎。
[ + that ] He refused to answer on the grounds that the question violated his rights to privacy. 他以她被不公正解雇为由拒绝作出答复。
AREA OF KNOWLEDGE 知识领域

C2 [ U ] an area of knowledge or experience

(知识、经验等的)领域,范围;学科
When the conversation turns to politics he's on familiar ground (= he knows a lot about this subject). 当谈话转向政治时,他便如鱼得水。
Once we'd found some common ground (= things we both knew about) we got along very well together. 在找到一些共同语言之后,我们开始相处融洽了。
The lectures covered a lot of ground (= included information on many different subjects). 这些演讲涵盖了众多学科的内容。
I enjoyed her first novel, but I felt in the second she was going over the same ground (= dealing with the same area of experience). 我很喜欢她的第一部小说,但是我觉得她的第二部小说涉及的是同样的题材。
WIRE 电线

[ C usually singular ] US UK earth a wire that makes a connection between a piece of electrical equipment and the ground, so the user is protected from feeling an electric shock if the equipment develops a fault

地线
COFFEE 咖啡
grounds [ plural ]

the small grains of coffee left at the bottom of a cup or other container that has had coffee in it

咖啡渣 → See also grind verb
verb uk /ɡraʊnd/ us /ɡraʊnd/
GRIND

past simple and past participle of grind

碾碎;磨碎
KEEP ON LAND 搁浅
be grounded

If a ship is grounded, it cannot move because it has hit solid ground.

使(船)搁浅
The oil tanker was grounded on a sandbank. 油轮搁浅在一片沙滩上。

[ T often passive ] If aircraft are grounded, they are prevented from flying or ordered not to fly.

禁止…飞行;使停飞
The snowstorm meant that all planes were grounded. 这场暴风雪导致航班全部停飞。
PUNISH 惩罚

[ T ] to forbid (= refuse to allow) a child or young person from going out as a punishment

罚(孩子)不许出门
My parents grounded me for a week. 我爸妈罚我一星期不许出门。
PUT WIRE

[ T usually passive ] US UK earth to connect a piece of electrical equipment to the ground with a wire

把(电线)接地
You could get a nasty shock from that water heater if it isn't grounded properly. 如果电热水器接地不良的话,可能会发生很严重的触电事故。
CAUSE 原因
be grounded in sth formal

to be based firmly on something

根据;基于
Fiction should be grounded in reality. 小说应该以现实生活为基础。
Most phobias are grounded in childhood experiences. 大多数的恐惧症都源于儿时的经历。
→ See also well grounded

(Translation of “ground” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)