Translation of "hard" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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uk /hɑːd/ us /hɑːrd/

hard adjective (SOLID)

A2 not easy to bend, cut, or break

a hard surface 坚硬的表面
There was a heavy frost last night and the ground is still hard. 昨晚霜冻很严重,地面现在仍很坚硬。
Heating the clay makes it hard. 黏土加热会变硬。

More examples

  • Babies like to chew on hard objects when they're teething.
  • The ground was frozen hard and was impossible to dig.
  • Brazil nuts have very hard shells.
  • For running on hard roads, you need shoes with extra cushioning to absorb the shock.
  • Mahogany is a hard wood and pine is a soft wood.

hard adjective (DIFFICULT)

A1 difficult to understand, do, experience, or deal with

There were some really hard questions in the exam. 考试中有一些很难做的题目。
It's hard to say which of them is lying. 很难说他们当中哪个在说谎。
It's hard being a single mother. 做单身母亲很艰难。
Her handwriting is very hard to read. 她的字迹很难辨认。
He's a hard man to please. 他是个难以取悦的人。
The topics get harder later in the course. 在以后的课程中题目会更难。
I feel sorry for the kids, too - they've had a hard time. 我也觉得对不起孩子们——他们那一段过得很苦。

More examples

  • I found it hard to follow what the teacher was saying, and eventually I lost concentration.
  • The exam is so hard that only 5% of all applicants pass.
  • It was hard to be angry with him when he looked so penitent.
  • They find it hard to live on their state pension.
  • Ending a relationship is always hard but in this case it's for the best.
  • The teacher found it hard to keep her class in order.

hard adjective (USING EFFORT)

B1 needing or using a lot of physical or mental effort

Go on - give it a good hard push! 继续——用力推一把!
It was hard work on the farm but satisfying. 农场的活儿很辛苦,但让人有满足感。

More examples

  • After all that hard work, you deserve a holiday.
  • Give the rope a hard pull.
  • I gave the door a hard push, but it still wouldn't open.
  • After a hard climb, we were rewarded by a picture-postcard vista of rolling hills under a deep blue summer sky.
  • The last part of the course is much harder.

hard adjective (SEVERE)

B2 not pleasant or gentle; severe

You have to be quite hard to succeed in the property business. 要想在房地产生意中获得成功,你必须相当强硬才行。
Ooh, you're a hard woman, Elaine! 噢,你真是个硬心肠的女人,伊莱恩!
Our boss has been giving us all a hard time at work (= making our time at work difficult). 我们老板一直都让我们工作的时候日子不好过。
be hard on sb

B2 to criticize someone severely, or to treat someone unfairly

Don't be too hard on him - he's new to the job. 别对他太苛刻——他刚开始做这项工作。

More examples

  • The authorities plan to come down hard on truancy in future.
  • "Well okay, perhaps I was a little hard on her, " he conceded.
  • The instructors worked us very hard on the survival course.
  • Watch out for those two - they're well hard.
  • Sports equipment is designed to withstand hard usage.

hard adjective (ALCOHOL)

[ before noun ] A hard drink contains a high level of alcohol.

hard liquor 烈性酒

hard adjective (WATER)

Hard water contains a high level of minerals that prevent soap from cleaning.


hard adjective (CLEAR)

[ before noun ] able to be proved

hard facts/evidence 确凿的事实/证据

hard adjective (WEATHER)

used to describe a time when there is bad weather

We had a very hard winter last year. 去年冬天天气非常恶劣。


uk /hɑːd/ us /hɑːrd/

hard adverb (USING EFFORT)

A1 with a lot of physical or mental effort

Work hard and play hard, that's my motto. 努力工作痛快玩,这是我的座右铭。
I'm not surprised he failed his exam - he didn't exactly try very hard! 他没通过考试我一点都不感到奇怪——他根本就没用功。

More examples

  • Judy has never been very clever, but she tries hard.
  • I don't like the man, but I have to admit that he works incredibly hard.
  • This type of glass won't shatter no matter how hard you hit it.
  • I kicked the ball as hard as I could.
  • Blow really hard into the tube.

hard adverb (WEATHER)

B1 If it rains or snows hard, it rains or snows a lot.

It had been raining hard most of the afternoon. 大半个下午都在下暴雨。

(Translation of “hard” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)