Translation of "out" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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outadverb, preposition

uk /aʊt/ us /aʊt/

out adverb, preposition (AWAY FROM INSIDE)

B1 used to show movement away from the inside of a place or container

She opened the window and stuck her head out. 她打开窗户,将头探了出去。
The bag broke and the apples fell out. 袋子裂开了,苹果掉了出来。
I jumped out of bed and ran downstairs. 我跳下床,冲下楼去。
He leaned out the window. 他将身子探出窗外。
He opened the drawer and took out a pair of socks. 他打开抽屉,取出一双袜子。
Get out! 出去!
Out you go! (= Go out!) 滚出去!
My secretary will see you out (= go with you to the door). 我的秘书会送你出去。
Turn the trousers inside out (= put the inside on the outside). 把裤子翻过来。

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out adverb, preposition (OUTSIDE)

outside a building or room

If you wait out here, we will call you when the doctor is ready. 你在这外面等好吗?医生很快会来请你进去的。
Danger! Keep out! (= Do not enter!) 危险!不要进来!
It's bitterly cold out, today. 今天外面真冷。

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out adverb, preposition (ABSENT)

A2 absent for a short time from the place where you live or work

I came around to see you this morning, but you were out. 今天上午我来拜访你,可是你不在。
Someone called while you were out. 你出去的时候有人打电话找你。

A2 used to refer to a period of time when someone goes away from home for a social activity

I can't go out tonight - I have work to do. 今晚我不能出去了——我有活儿要干。
Do you want to eat out (= eat in a restaurant) tonight? 今晚你想到外面去吃饭吗?
He asked me out (= asked me to go with him) to the cinema next week. 他请我下周和他去看电影。

used to refer to a time when someone is away from the main office in order to do a particular job

The thieves were spotted by a postman out on his rounds (= as he was delivering the post). 一个正在投递邮件的邮递员发现了小偷。
The police were out in force (= there were a lot of police) at the demonstration. 这场足球比赛警方出动了大批警力。

In a library, if a book is out, it has been borrowed by someone.

Both copies of "Wuthering Heights" were out. 两本《呼啸山庄》都被借走了。

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out adverb, preposition (DISAPPEAR)

B1 to the point where something is removed or disappears

The stain won't come out. 这个污渍去不掉。
Cross out any words that are not on the list. 将单子上没有的词全部划掉。
Never use water to put out fires in electrical equipment. 电器失火时,千万不要用水灭火。
Our time/money/patience ran out. 我们的时间/钱/耐心耗完了。
out of

B2 used to say that no more of something is available

We're nearly out of petrol. 我们快没汽油了。
I'm running out of patience/time/money. 我快没有耐心/时间/钱了。
See also

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out adverb, preposition (DEFEATED)

(in sport) no longer able to play because your turn is over

Two of the best players on the team were out after ten minutes. 10分钟后该队最棒的球员中有两名出局了。
New Zealand were all out for 246 (= the team finished with a score of 246). 新西兰队以246分而遭淘汰。

(in politics) no longer able to govern because you have lost an election

The Social Democrats were voted out after 15 years in power. 社会民主党在执政15年后被选下了台。

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out adverb, preposition (GIVE)

to many people

The teacher gave out test books to all the students. 老师把复印的材料分发给所有的孩子。
Greenpeace sent a letter out to all its supporters. 绿色和平组织给所有的支持者都发了一封信。

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out adverb, preposition (MOVE AWAY)

spreading out from a central point over a wider area

The police search party spread out across the fields. 警方的搜索队在田野里四处散开。

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out adverb, preposition (AVAILABLE)

B1 When a book, magazine, film, or musical recording is out, it is available to the public.

Is her new book out yet?
The new movie comes out in August. 斯皮尔伯格新拍的电影8月份上映。

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out adverb, preposition (APPEAR)

B1 able to be seen

The stars are out tonight. 今晚看得见星星。
The rain stopped and the sun came out (= appeared). 雨停了,太阳出来了。
In spring all the flowers came out (= their petals opened). 春天里百花盛开。

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out adverb, preposition (VERY)

used to make the meaning of a word stronger

We walked all day and were tired out (= very tired) by the time we got home. 我们走了一整天,回到家时累得筋疲力尽。
It's up to you to sort this out (= deal with it completely). 要靠你来彻底解决它了。

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out adverb, preposition (LOUD)

used with verbs describing sounds to emphasize the loudness of the sound

He cried out in pain as he hit his head. 他撞到了头,痛得大叫。
Charlie Chaplin films always make me laugh out loud. 查利‧卓别麟的电影总能让我笑破肚皮。

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out adverb, preposition (FAR AWAY)

C2 a long distance away from land, a town, or your own country

The fishing boats were out at sea for three days. 渔船出海3天了。
They live out in the country, miles from anywhere. 他们住在偏远的乡下,离哪儿都很远。
He lived out in Zambia for seven years. 他在赞比亚侨居了7年。
mainly US The weather's better out west (= a long distance away in the west of the country). 西部边远地区的天气比较好。

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out adverb, preposition (LIGHT/FIRE)

B2 If a light or fire is out, it is no longer shining or burning.

When we got home, all the lights were out. 等我们到家的时候,所有的灯都灭了。
Is that fire completely out? 那火全都扑灭了吗?

out adverb, preposition (COAST)

away from the coast or beach

Is the tide coming in or going out? 潮水是在涨还是在退?
You can only see the beach when the tide is out. 只有在退潮后才能看到海滩。

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out adverb, preposition (MADE PUBLIC)

(of information) no longer kept secret

You can't hide your gambling any longer - the secret's out. 你无法再隐瞒自己赌博的事了——这个秘密已经泄露出去。

If a gay person comes out, they tell people that they are gay, and do not keep it a secret.

She came out three years ago. 她公开称自己是同性恋已经有3年了。
He hasn't come out to his family yet.

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out adverb, preposition (SPORT)

(of a ball in a sport such as tennis) landing outside one of the lines that mark the area where the game is played

He thought the ball had bounced on the line, but the umpire said it was out. 他认为球落在线上,但裁判说球出界了。

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out adverb, preposition (UNCONSCIOUS)

unconscious or sleeping

He passes out (= loses consciousness) at the sight of blood. 他一看到血就会昏过去。
I was hit on the head, and I must have been out cold (= completely unconscious) for about ten minutes. 我头上挨了一下,肯定昏迷了有10分钟左右。

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out adverb, preposition (NOT ACCURATE)

C1 informal not accurate

Our estimates were only out by a few dollars. 我们的估算只有几美元的偏差。
You were an inch out in your measurements. 你的测量差了25厘米。
Those sales figures were way out (= completely wrong). 那些销售数据完全不准确。
US I'm out $25 on this trip (= it cost me $25 more than expected). 我这次旅行的花费超出预算25美元。

out adverb, preposition (EXISTING)

UK informal (used with superlatives) available or in existence

This is the best automatic camera out. 这是现有的最好的自动照相机。
I think he's the greatest football player out. 我认为他是目前最伟大的足球运动员。

out adverb, preposition (FINISHED)

used to show that a period of time is finished

I think I can finish this project before the month's out. 我觉得我在这个月结束之前能完成这个项目。

out adverb, preposition (NOT ACCEPTABLE)

informal not acceptable or not possible

Smoking is definitely out among my friends. 在我的朋友中,吸烟是绝对不允许的。
The option of taking on more staff is out for the moment. 雇用更多职员这一选择目前并不可行。

out adverb, preposition (NOT FASHIONABLE)

informal no longer fashionable or popular

Every month the magazine lists what's out and what's in (= fashionable). 每个月这份杂志都会列出什么过时及什么流行。
Trousers like that went out (= stopped being fashionable) in the 70s. 像那样的裤子在70年代就过时了。

out adverb, preposition (INTEND)

out for sth/to do sth informal

doing something, or intending to do something, for an unpleasant reason or only because it is good for you and not others

She doesn't usually help the charity - she's only out for the publicity. 她一般不资助慈善事业——她只是为了给自己扬名。
[ + to infinitive ] He's always been out to cause trouble between us. 他总是存心在我俩之间制造麻烦。
See also

outverb [ T often passive ]

uk /aʊt/ us /aʊt/

to publish the fact that a famous person is gay, especially when that person does not want it to be known

Hardly a week went by without someone famous being outed. 几乎每一周都有一个名人被揭露出是同性恋。


uk /aʊt/ us /aʊt/

[ C usually singular ] informal an excuse or reason for avoiding an unpleasant situation

We must arrange the negotiations so we have an out if we need it. 我们必须安排好谈判,这样一旦需要我们就能有个借口。
on the outs US informal

People who are on the outs have argued and are not now friendly with each other.

Lizzie and Tyler are on the outs again. 莉齐和泰勒又闹别扭了。


uk /aʊt-/ us /aʊt-/

out- prefix (NOT CENTRAL)

used to add the meaning "not central" to nouns and adjectives

the outskirts of town (= the areas that form the edge of the town) 市郊

out- prefix (FURTHER)

used to add the meaning "going further" or "being better than" to verbs

She doesn't drink or smoke and I'm sure she'll outlive (= live longer than) us all. 她烟酒不沾,我想她肯定比我们都要活得长久。

out- prefix (AWAY FROM)

used to add the meaning "out of" or "away from" to nouns and adjectives

She turned away from their outstretched hands (= hands held out). 她转身不理睬他们伸出的手。

(Translation of “out” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)