Translation of "out" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

out

adverb, preposition uk /aʊt/ us /aʊt/
AWAY FROM INSIDE 向外移动

B1 used to show movement away from the inside of a place or container

出;向外
She opened the window and stuck her head out. 她打开窗户,将头探了出去。
The bag broke and the apples fell out. 袋子裂开了,苹果掉了出来。
I jumped out of bed and ran downstairs. 我跳下床,冲下楼去。
He leaned out the window. 他将身子探出窗外。
He opened the drawer and took out a pair of socks. 他打开抽屉,取出一双袜子。
Get out! 出去!
Out you go! (= Go out!) 滚出去!
My secretary will see you out (= go with you to the door). 我的秘书会送你出去。
Turn the trousers inside out (= put the inside on the outside). 把裤子翻过来。
OUTSIDE 在外面

outside a building or room

在外面,在室外
If you wait out here, we will call you when the doctor is ready. 你在这外面等好吗?医生很快会来请你进去的。
Danger! Keep out! (= Do not enter!) 危险!不要进来!
It's bitterly cold out, today. 今天外面真冷。
ABSENT 不在的

A2 absent for a short time from the place where you live or work

暂时外出的,暂时不在的
I came around to see you this morning, but you were out. 今天上午我来拜访你,可是你不在。
Someone called while you were out. 你出去的时候有人打电话找你。

A2 used to refer to a period of time when someone goes away from home for a social activity

出去,外出(参加社交活动)
I can't go out tonight - I have work to do. 今晚我不能出去了——我有活儿要干。
Do you want to eat out (= eat in a restaurant) tonight? 今晚你想到外面去吃饭吗?
He asked me out (= asked me to go with him) to the cinema next week. 他请我下周和他去看电影。

used to refer to a time when someone is away from the main office in order to do a particular job

执行外勤工作的
The thieves were spotted by a postman out on his rounds (= as he was delivering the post). 一个正在投递邮件的邮递员发现了小偷。
The police were out in force (= there were a lot of police) at the demonstration. 这场足球比赛警方出动了大批警力。

In a library, if a book is out, it has been borrowed by someone.

(图书馆的书)借出的,被借走的
Both copies of "Wuthering Heights" were out. 两本《呼啸山庄》都被借走了。
DISAPPEAR 消失

B1 to the point where something is removed or disappears

去掉;清除;消失
The stain won't come out. 这个污渍去不掉。
Cross out any words that are not on the list. 将单子上没有的词全部划掉。
Never use water to put out fires in electrical equipment. 电器失火时,千万不要用水灭火。
Our time/money/patience ran out. 我们的时间/钱/耐心耗完了。
out of

B2 used to say that no more of something is available

耗尽;用完;没有
We're nearly out of petrol. 我们快没汽油了。
I'm running out of patience/time/money. 我快没有耐心/时间/钱了。
→ See also out of
DEFEATED 被打败的

(in sport) no longer able to play because your turn is over

(体育比赛中)出局(的),被淘汰(的)
Two of the best players on the team were out after ten minutes. 10分钟后该队最棒的球员中有两名出局了。
New Zealand were all out for 246 (= the team finished with a score of 246). 新西兰队以246分而遭淘汰。

(in politics) no longer able to govern because you have lost an election

(政治上)不执政(的),在野(的),下台(的)
The Social Democrats were voted out after 15 years in power. 社会民主党在执政15年后被选下了台。
GIVE

to many people

给(许多人),分发
The teacher gave out test books to all the students. 老师把复印的材料分发给所有的孩子。
Greenpeace sent a letter out to all its supporters. 绿色和平组织给所有的支持者都发了一封信。
MOVE AWAY 移开

spreading out from a central point over a wider area

分散开
The police search party spread out across the fields. 警方的搜索队在田野里四处散开。
AVAILABLE 可得到的

B1 When a book, magazine, film, or musical recording is out, it is available to the public.

(书、杂志、电影、音乐带等)出版(的),问世(的)
Is her new book out yet?
The new movie comes out in August. 斯皮尔伯格新拍的电影8月份上映。
APPEAR 出现

B1 able to be seen

能看见的(地);出现的(地)
The stars are out tonight. 今晚看得见星星。
The rain stopped and the sun came out (= appeared). 雨停了,太阳出来了。
In spring all the flowers came out (= their petals opened). 春天里百花盛开。
VERY 非常

used to make the meaning of a word stronger

(用于增强词义)完全地,彻底地
We walked all day and were tired out (= very tired) by the time we got home. 我们走了一整天,回到家时累得筋疲力尽。
It's up to you to sort this out (= deal with it completely). 要靠你来彻底解决它了。
LOUD 大声地

used with verbs describing sounds to emphasize the loudness of the sound

大声地
He cried out in pain as he hit his head. 他撞到了头,痛得大叫。
Charlie Chaplin films always make me laugh out loud. 查利‧卓别麟的电影总能让我笑破肚皮。
FAR AWAY 遥远地

C2 a long distance away from land, a town, or your own country

离(大陆、城市或祖国)很远,遥远地
The fishing boats were out at sea for three days. 渔船出海3天了。
They live out in the country, miles from anywhere. 他们住在偏远的乡下,离哪儿都很远。
He lived out in Zambia for seven years. 他在赞比亚侨居了7年。
mainly US The weather's better out west (= a long distance away in the west of the country). 西部边远地区的天气比较好。
LIGHT/FIRE 灯/火

B2 If a light or fire is out, it is no longer shining or burning.

(灯或火)熄灭
When we got home, all the lights were out. 等我们到家的时候,所有的灯都灭了。
Is that fire completely out? 那火全都扑灭了吗?
COAST 海岸

away from the coast or beach

离岸而去(的)
Is the tide coming in or going out? 潮水是在涨还是在退?
You can only see the beach when the tide is out. 只有在退潮后才能看到海滩。
MADE PUBLIC 被公开

(of information) no longer kept secret

(信息)公开的(地),泄露的(地)
You can't hide your gambling any longer - the secret's out. 你无法再隐瞒自己赌博的事了——这个秘密已经泄露出去。

If a gay person comes out, they tell people that they are gay, and do not keep it a secret.

(同性恋者)公开性取向(的)
She came out three years ago. 她公开称自己是同性恋已经有3年了。
He hasn't come out to his family yet.
SPORT 运动

(of a ball in a sport such as tennis) landing outside one of the lines that mark the area where the game is played

(网球等运动中球)出界的
He thought the ball had bounced on the line, but the umpire said it was out. 他认为球落在线上,但裁判说球出界了。
UNCONSCIOUS 不省人事的

unconscious or sleeping

不省人事地(的),昏迷地(的);熟睡地(的)
He passes out (= loses consciousness) at the sight of blood. 他一看到血就会昏过去。
I was hit on the head, and I must have been out cold (= completely unconscious) for about ten minutes. 我头上挨了一下,肯定昏迷了有10分钟左右。
NOT ACCURATE 不准确的

C1 informal not accurate

不准确的;错误的;有出入的
Our estimates were only out by a few dollars. 我们的估算只有几美元的偏差。
You were an inch out in your measurements. 你的测量差了25厘米。
Those sales figures were way out (= completely wrong). 那些销售数据完全不准确。
US I'm out $25 on this trip (= it cost me $25 more than expected). 我这次旅行的花费超出预算25美元。
EXISTING 现有的

UK informal (used with superlatives) available or in existence

(用于最高级后)可用地,现有地
This is the best automatic camera out. 这是现有的最好的自动照相机。
I think he's the greatest football player out. 我认为他是目前最伟大的足球运动员。
FINISHED 结束的

used to show that a period of time is finished

(时间)结束的,完结的
I think I can finish this project before the month's out. 我觉得我在这个月结束之前能完成这个项目。
NOT ACCEPTABLE 不可接受的

informal not acceptable or not possible

不可接受的;不可能的
Smoking is definitely out among my friends. 在我的朋友中,吸烟是绝对不允许的。
The option of taking on more staff is out for the moment. 雇用更多职员这一选择目前并不可行。
NOT FASHIONABLE 不流行的

informal no longer fashionable or popular

不再流行的(地);不再时髦的(地);过时的(地)
Every month the magazine lists what's out and what's in (= fashionable). 每个月这份杂志都会列出什么过时及什么流行。
Trousers like that went out (= stopped being fashionable) in the 70s. 像那样的裤子在70年代就过时了。
INTEND 打算
out for sth/to do sth informal

doing something, or intending to do something, for an unpleasant reason or only because it is good for you and not others

(常出于自私或令人不快的动机)做;意图做(或得到;蓄意
She doesn't usually help the charity - she's only out for the publicity. 她一般不资助慈善事业——她只是为了给自己扬名。
[ + to infinitive ] He's always been out to cause trouble between us. 他总是存心在我俩之间制造麻烦。
→ See also out of
verb [ T often passive ] uk /aʊt/ us /aʊt/

to publish the fact that a famous person is gay, especially when that person does not want it to be known

公开(名人)的同性恋身份
Hardly a week went by without someone famous being outed. 几乎每一周都有一个名人被揭露出是同性恋。
noun uk /aʊt/ us /aʊt/

[ C usually singular ] informal an excuse or reason for avoiding an unpleasant situation

借口;理由
We must arrange the negotiations so we have an out if we need it. 我们必须安排好谈判,这样一旦需要我们就能有个借口。
on the outs US informal

People who are on the outs have argued and are not now friendly with each other.

吵架了;不友好,闹矛盾
Lizzie and Tyler are on the outs again. 莉齐和泰勒又闹别扭了。
prefix uk /aʊt-/ us /aʊt-/
NOT CENTRAL 非中心的

used to add the meaning "not central" to nouns and adjectives

(用于给名词和形容词加上“非中心的”之意)
the outskirts of town (= the areas that form the edge of the town) 市郊
FURTHER 进一步

used to add the meaning "going further" or "being better than" to verbs

(用于给动词加上“超越”或“胜过”之意)
She doesn't drink or smoke and I'm sure she'll outlive (= live longer than) us all. 她烟酒不沾,我想她肯定比我们都要活得长久。
AWAY FROM 离开

used to add the meaning "out of" or "away from" to nouns and adjectives

(用于给名词和形容词加上“向外”或“离开”之意)
She turned away from their outstretched hands (= hands held out). 她转身不理睬他们伸出的手。

(Translation of “out” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)