Translation of "run" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary


verb uk /rʌn/ us /rʌn/ present participle running, past tense ran, past participle run

A1 [ I or T ] (of people and some animals) to move along, faster than walking, by taking quick steps in which each foot is lifted before the next foot touches the ground

[ + to infinitive ] The children had to run to keep up with their father. 孩子们得一路跑着才能跟上他们的父亲。
I can run a mile in five minutes. 我可以在5分钟里跑1英里。
The sheep ran away/off in fright. 羊受惊跑掉了。
A little girl ran up to (= came quickly beside) me, crying for her daddy. 一个小女孩跑到我身边,哭着让我替她找爸爸。
In the semi-final she will be running against her nearest rival.
The first two races will be run (= will happen) in 20 minutes. 头两个赛跑项目将在20分钟后举行。

[ T ] If you run an animal in a race, you cause it to take part.

Thompson Stables are running three horses in the next race. 汤普森赛马训练公司将派出3匹马参加下一场比赛。

[ I + adv/prep ] to go quickly or in a hurry

Would you run to the post office and get me some stamps? 你能不能赶快到邮局给我买一些邮票来?
You don't put on weight when you spend all day running around after small children. 你整天不歇脚地跟在小孩们后面转是胖不起来的。
run for sth

to run fast in order to get or avoid something

I ran for the bus but it drove off. 我跑着去赶公共汽车,但是车却开走了。
run on the spot UK US run in place

to move your legs as if running, while you stay in one place

I run on the spot to warm up before I start training. 我在踢足球前原地踏步跑做准备活动。

B2 [ I or T, usually + adv/prep ] to (cause something to) travel, move, or continue in a particular way

Trains are still running, despite the snow. 尽管下了雪,列车仍在运行。
A bus runs (= goes on a particular route at particular times) three times a day into town. 有一趟公共汽车每天3次开往城里。
Skis are waxed on the bottom so that they run smoothly over the snow. 滑雪板底部打了蜡,这样就能在雪上滑得顺畅自如。
The route/railway/road runs (= goes) across the border/into Italy/through the mountains. 这条路线/铁道/公路穿过国界/通向意大利境内/在群山中穿行。
A climbing rose bush runs (= grows) up the side of the door. 一丛攀缘蔷薇盘绕在前门上。
There's a beautiful cornice running around/round all the ceilings. 所有的天花板四周都装饰着漂亮的檐口。
The film runs (= lasts) for two hours. 这部电影长两个小时。
The show/course/film runs (= continues) for another week. 演出/课程/电影播放再延续一周。
A magazine subscription usually only runs (= can be used) for one year. 杂志订阅期限通常只能是一年。
Buses are running an hour late, because of an earlier accident. 因为先前的一起车祸,公共汽车的运行晚点一小时。
The truck's brakes failed and it ran (= went) off the road. 卡车刹车失灵,冲出了马路。
Trains run on rails (= move along on top of them). 火车在铁轨上行驶。
Electricity is running through (= moving along within) this cable. 电流正通过这条电缆。
An angry muttering ran through (= went through) the crowd. 人群中传出一阵低沉而愤怒的抱怨声。
A shiver of fear ran through his (body). 一阵恐惧的战栗传遍他全身。
She ran her finger along/down the page/list, looking for her name. 她用手指一行行划过那张纸/名单寻找自己的名字。
Could you run the tape/film/video back/forwards, please? 你可以把磁带/电影/录像带倒回去/向前快进一下吗?
Could you possibly run me (= take me in your car) home/to the station? 你能否开车把我送回家/到车站?
He ran (= pushed) his fingers through his hair and looked up at me. 他用手梳拢了一下头发,抬头看我。

B2 [ I or T ] to (cause something to) operate

Keep clear of the machines while they're running. 机器运转时不要靠近。
The government took desperate measures to keep the economy running. 政府采取孤注一掷的措施来维持经济的运行。
Do you know how to run this sort of machinery? 你会操作这种机器吗?
The mechanic asked me to run the engine (= switch it on and allow it to work) for a minute. 修车工人让我发动引擎转一分钟。
They had the new computer system up and running (= working) within an hour. 他们一小时之内就使新的计算机系统运行起来了。
We've run the computer program, but nothing happens. 我们已经运行了这个计算机程序,但是没有起作用。
We're running (= doing) an experiment. 我们正在做一个试验。

B1 [ T ] to be in control of something

He's been running a restaurant/his own company since he left school. 他毕业后就一直在经营自己的饭店/公司。
The local college runs (= provides) a course in self-defence. 当地的一所大学开了一门自我防卫课。
a well-run/badly-run organization/business/course 管理良好/不善的组织;经营良好/很差的公司;设置得很好/差的课程
run a tight ship

to control a business or other organization firmly and effectively

Ruth runs a tight ship and has no time for shirkers. 鲁思执行了有效的严格管理,员工没有办法开小差。

[ T ] If you run a car, you own one, drive it, and pay for the costs.

I can't afford to run a car. 我养不起车。

[ T ] to organize the way you live or work

Some people run their lives according to the movements of the stars. 一些人按照星体的运行规律来安排自己的生活。

B2 [ I or T ] to (cause something to) flow, produce liquid, or (especially of colours in clothes) to come out or spread

I can feel trickles of sweat running down my neck. 我可以感觉到津津汗水顺着脖子往下流淌。
Don't cry, or your make-up will run (= become liquid and move down your face). 别哭了,要不然化的妆就要花了。
The walls were running with damp. 墙受潮出现了斑斑渍迹。
The river runs (down) to/into the sea. 这条河流入大海。
The hot tap is running cold (= producing cold water)! 热水龙头竟然流出了冷水!
I turned the tap on and ran some cold water on the burn. 我打开水龙头用凉水冲被烫伤的地方。
[ + two objects ] I'll run you a hot bath (= fill a bath with water for you). 我去给你放洗澡水。
My nose and eyes have been running all week because of hay fever. 我得了枯草热,一星期都在流鼻涕淌眼泪。
I must have washed my dress at too high a temperature, because the colour has run. 我洗这件裙子时用的水肯定太热了,因为都褪色了。
If the first layer isn't dry before you add the next one, the colours will run into each other (= mix). 如果第一层没有干就涂上第二层,那两层的颜色就会渗在一起。
figurative After twelve hours at her computer, the words began to run into one another (= seem mixed together). 她在文字处理机前工作了12小时后,看屏幕上的字都觉得模糊一片了。

[ L only + adj ] to be or become

Differences between the two sides run deep (= are serious). 双方的分歧加剧了。
The river/reservoir/well ran dry (= its supply of water finished). 河水/水库/水井干涸了。
Supplies are running low (= there's not much left). 储备所剩无几了。
We're beginning to run short of money/Money is beginning to run short (= there's not much left). 我们的钱快花完了/钱快花完了。

UK also ladder [ I ] If tights (= thin clothing that covers the legs) run, a long, thin hole appears in them.

Oh no, my tights have run! 哎呀,糟了,我的连裤袜抽丝了!

C1 [ T ] to show something in a newspaper or magazine, on television, etc.

All the newspapers ran (= printed) stories about the new peace talks. 所有报纸都刊登了新和谈的消息。
Channel 4 is running a series on the unfairness of the legal system. 第四频道正在播出揭露法律体系不公正之处的系列节目。

[ I ] Indian English If a film is running at a particular place, you can see it there:

What's running at the the Metro this week?

[ I ] to compete as a candidate in an election

Mrs Thatcher wanted to run a fourth time. 撒切尔夫人想要第四次参加竞选。
He's going to run against Smith/for president/for re-election. 他将要和史密斯进行竞选/竞选总统/竞选连任。

[ T ] to take guns or drugs illegally from one place to another

He was arrested for running drugs across the border into America. 他因为越境向美国走私毒品而被捕。
noun uk /rʌn/ us /rʌn/

B1 [ C ] the action of running, especially for exercise

We go for/do a three-mile run every evening after work. 我们每天傍晚下班后都会跑上3英里。
If you set off at a run (= running), you'll be exhausted later. 如果你一开始就跑,过些时候你就会筋疲力尽的。

[ C ] a journey

The number of aircraft on the New York-Moscow run is being increased. 纽约—莫斯科之间的航线正在增加航班。
old-fashioned Let's go for a run (out) in the car somewhere. 让我们开车到(外面)什么地方兜兜风吧。
The plane swooped in on its bombing run. 飞机猛然俯冲下来轰炸。

[ C ] the period during which a play is performed

The musical's London run was a disaster. 该音乐剧在伦敦的演出彻底失败。
They're doing a run at the Cambridge Playhouse. 他们正在多玛仓库剧院进行连续演出。

[ C usually singular ] a situation in which many people suddenly buy a particular product

There's been a run on umbrellas because of all this rain. 就因为这场雨,大家都在抢购雨伞。

[ C usually singular ] a situation in which many people suddenly sell a particular product

A sudden run on the dollar has lowered its value. 突然出现的抛售导致美元贬值。
a run of sth

C2 A run of something is a continuous period during which it lasts or is repeated.

a run of successes/defeats/bad luck 一个又一个的成功/一连串的失败/厄运连连
the general/usual run of sth

the usual type of something

Their food is the general run of hotel cooking. 他们的饭菜是一般宾馆饭菜的水平。

[ C ] an area of ground of limited size for keeping animals

a sheep/chicken/hen run 牧羊场/养鸡场

B2 [ C ] in cricket and baseball, a single point, scored by running from one place to another

England need 105 runs to win the game. 英格兰队需要得到105分才能赢得比赛。
a home run 本垒打

UK also ladder [ C ] a long, vertical hole in tights and stockings

I've got a run in my tights from the nail on my chair. 我的连裤袜被椅子上的钉子刮了一下,抽丝了。
the runs informal

a condition of the bowels in which the contents are passed out of the body too often and in a form that is too liquid

拉肚子,腹泻,跑肚 → Synonym diarrhoea

(Translation of “run” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)