Translation of "set" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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setverb

uk /set/ us /set/ present participle setting, past tense and past participle set

set verb (POSITION)

B2 [ T usually + adv/prep ] to put something in a particular place or position

放,置;使处于(指定的地方、位置)
He set a vase of flowers on the table. 他把一瓶花放在桌子上。
The campsite is set in the middle of a pine forest. 宿营地设在松树林的中央。
Our house is set back from the road. 我们的房子离公路有一定的距离。

B1 [ T usually + adv/prep ] If a story, film, etc. is set in a particular time or place, the action in it happens in that time or place.

(故事、电影等)以…为背景
"West Side Story" is set in New York City in the late 1950s. 《西区故事》是以20世纪50年代末的纽约为背景的。

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set verb (CONDITION)

B2 [ T ] to cause something or someone to be in the stated condition or situation

使处于特定状态
It is believed that the building was set alight/ablaze/on fire deliberately. 据信,这幢大楼着火是有人故意所为。
The new director has set a lot of changes in motion in our department. 新主管在我们部门推行了很多变革。
[ + adj ] After years in prison, the men who had wrongfully been found guilty of the bombing were finally set free. 坐了多年牢之后,在爆炸案中遭错判有罪的数名男子终于被释放了。
If I've made a mistake, then it's up to me to set it right (= correct it). 如果我犯了错,那就该由我来纠正。
set sb/sth doing sth

to cause someone or something to start doing something

使开始做;引起
His remarks set me thinking. 他的话引起我的深思。
The thunderstorm set the radio crackling. 雷雨使收音机发出噼噼啪啪的声音。
set sb to work

to give someone work to do

给(某人)工作做
I was set to work dusting the bookshelves. 我被安排做整理书架的工作。

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set verb (ESTABLISH)

B2 [ T ] to establish or decide something

建立;设立
The school has been criticized for failing to set high standards for its students. 学校因未能为学生设定高标准而受到了批评。
The committee has set new limits on spending. 政府对开支设定了新的限制。
Lewis has set a new world record. 刘易斯创造了一项新的世界纪录。
The court's decision has set a legal precedent. 法庭的判决开创了一项判例。
Parents should set a good example to their children. 父母应该为孩子树立良好的榜样。
He's set himself the goal/target of making his first million by the time he's 30. 他给自己定的目标是在30岁前赚到第一个100万。

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set verb (GET READY)

B2 [ T ] to get something ready so that it comes into operation or can be used

设定;调定
[ + to infinitive ] The heating is set to come on at 5 p.m. 暖气设定在下午5点钟启动。
Have you set up the DVD player? 你把录像机调好了吗?
I usually set my watch by the time on the computer. 我通常是按收音机里的报时信号对表。
He set the alarm for 7 a.m. 他把闹钟设在早上7点钟。
Will you set the table (= put plates, knives, forks, etc. on it ready for use), please? 你来摆一下餐桌,好吗?

[ T ] to put furniture and other things on a stage so that it represents the time and the place in which the action of a play, film, or television programme is going to happen

设置,布置(戏剧、电影或电视节目的布景)
During the interval the stage was set for the second act. 在幕间休息时,工作人员布置了第二幕的布景。

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set verb (FIX)

B1 [ T ] to fix or make certain

使固定,确定
Has a date/time been set for the meeting yet? 会议的日期/时间确定了吗?
The price of the house has been set at €425,000. 这所房子的定价为12.5万英镑。
set into sth/be set with sth

If a precious stone is set in/into a piece of jewellery, or a piece of jewellery is set with a precious stone, the stone is fixed firmly to the piece of jewellery.

镶入/镶有
a gold ring with a diamond set into it 镶着一颗钻石的金质领带夹
a brooch set with rubies and pearls 镶有红宝石和珍珠的胸针

[ T ] When a doctor sets a broken bone, he or she puts it into the right position so that it will heal.

固定(断骨);接(骨);把(断骨)复位

[ I ] When a broken bone sets, it heals in a particular position.

(断骨)愈合

[ T ] If you have your hair set, you have it arranged while it is wet so that it will be in a particular style when it is dry.

给(头发)做发型

[ T ] If you set a part of your body, you tighten the muscles around it in order to show that you are determined about something.

绷紧(身体部位);使显出坚定的表情
"I'm never going back to him," she said, setting her jaw firmly. “我永远都不会回到他身边,”她咬紧牙关说。
His face was set in determination. 他脸上显出坚定的表情。

[ I ] If a liquid or soft material sets, it becomes firm or hard.

(液体等)凝固,凝结
Leave the jelly in the fridge to set. 把果冻放在冰箱里凝固。
Don't walk on the concrete until it has set. 混凝土还没凝固之前别在上面走。

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set verb (GIVE WORK)

B2 UK US assign [ T ] to give someone a piece of school work or homework to do

规定,布置
My science teacher always sets a lot of homework. 我的理科老师总是布置很多家庭作业。
What books have been set for this term? 这学期布置学生要读哪些书?
[ + two objects ] What homework have you been set for the holidays?

set verb (MUSIC)

[ T ] to write or provide music for a poem or other words so that they can be sung

为…谱曲;给…配乐
poems set to music 谱了曲的诗歌

set verb (SUN)

B1 [ I ] (of the sun, moon, or planets) to go down below the horizon (= the line at which the earth seems to join the sky)

(太阳、月球或行星)降于地平线之下,下落
We sat on the beach and watched the sun set. 我们坐在海滩上观看日落。
The setting sun cast long shadows across the lawn. 夕阳在草地上投下了长长的影子。
See also

setnoun

uk /set/ us /set/

set noun (GROUP)

A2 [ C ] a group of similar things that belong together in some way

套;副
We bought Charles and Mandy a set of cutlery as a wedding present. 我们为查尔斯和曼迪买了一套刀叉餐具,作为送给他们的结婚礼物。
I always keep a tool set in the back of my car. 我一直都在汽车的后备箱内放着一套工具。
The doctor said that he hadn't seen this particular set of symptoms before. 医生说他以前没有见过这样一种症候群。
We need to establish a new set of priorities. 我们需要重新安排应优先考虑的一组事项。

A2 [ C ] a number of objects or pieces of equipment needed for a particular activity, especially playing a game

(尤指游戏用的)一套用具
a chess/train/chemistry set 一副象棋/一组模型火车/一套化学实验用品

[ C ] specialized mathematics In mathematics, a set is a group of objects with stated characteristics.

(数学中的)集,集合

[ C, + sing/pl verb ] a group of people who have similar interests and ways of living

有相同爱好的一伙人
the fashionable set 伦敦人
She's got in with a very arty set. 她和一帮搞艺术的人在一起。

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set noun (FILM/PLAY)

B2 [ C ] the place where a film or play is performed or recorded, and the pictures, furniture, etc. that are used

布景;场景
a movie set 电影场景
a stage set 舞台布景
a set designer 布景师
They first met on the set of "Star Wars". 他们第一次见面是在《星球大战》的外景地。

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set noun (PART)

B2 [ C ] a part of a game of tennis or volleyball

(网球比赛的)一局
They won in straight sets (= they won every set). 他们一局未失。

C2 [ C ] a musical performance that forms part of a concert, especially one of pop music or jazz

(尤指流行音乐或爵士音乐会上的)一段表演
The band's opening set lasted 45 minutes. 乐队的开场表演持续了45分钟。

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set noun (POSITION)

the set of sth

the position in which you hold a part of your body

(身体部位的)姿势,样子
I could tell from the set of his jaw that he was angry. 看他绷得紧紧的下巴,我便知道他在生气。

[ C ] the act of having your hair set

做头发
a shampoo and set 洗头并做发型

set noun (TELEVISION)

[ C ] old-fashioned a television

电视机
We need a new television set. 我们需要一台新电视机。

setadjective

uk /set/ us /set/

set adjective (READY)

C1 [ after verb ] ready and prepared

准备好的,预先准备的
Shall we go now - is everyone set? 我们可以走了吗——大家准备好了吗?
Is everything all set for the party? 聚会一切都准备妥当了吗?
At the start of the race, the starter said "On your marks, get set, go". 发令者在起跑时常说:“各就位,预备,跑。”
We were just getting set to leave when Ben said he had something important to tell us. 当本说他有一些重要的事要告诉我们时我们正准备离开。

[ after verb ] likely or in a suitable condition

可能的;在适当条件下的
He looks set to become world champion again this year. 他今年似乎有可能再次成为世界冠军。

set adjective (SAME)

C2 always the same, never changing

不变的,固定的
My parents say I have to be home by a set time. 我父母说我得在指定的时间回家。
UK The restaurant does a set lunch (= a meal which is offered at a fixed price, but with little or no choice about what you have to eat) on Sundays. 这家餐馆星期天午餐供应套餐。
The receptionist had a bright set smile on his face, but I could tell that he was bored. 接待员带着一成不变的灿烂微笑,但我看得出其实他觉得很厌倦。
My father has very set opinions/views on the matter. 我父亲在这件事上的看法很难改变。
set expression/phrase

a phrase in which the words are always used in the same order

固定说法/短语

set adjective (STUDY)

[ before noun ] UK a set book is one that must be studied for a particular course

必修课本(必修课本是针对特定课程而必须学习的课本)
The students are reading "Lord of the Flies" as one of their set books/texts this year. 学生们今年的规定阅读书目中有《蝇王》。

(Translation of “set” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)