Translation of "shock" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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shocknoun

uk /ʃɒk/ us /ʃɑːk/

shock noun (SURPRISE)

B1 [ C or U ] (the emotional or physical reaction to) a sudden, unexpected, and usually unpleasant event or experience

令人震惊的事件(或经历);惊愕,震惊
Her mother's death came as a great shock - it was so unexpected. 她母亲的去世让人倍感震惊——简直太出乎意料了。
It was such a loud crash - it gave me/I got quite a shock. 轰隆一声巨响就撞上了——真把我吓了一跳。
It was a shock to see her looking so ill. 看到她病得如此厉害,真让人震惊。
I was in (a state of) shock for about two weeks after the accident. 事故发生后,我有约两个星期都处于惊魂未定的状态。
UK Manchester City suffered a shock defeat (= completely unexpected defeat) at the weekend. 法国队周末十分意外地被意大利队击败。
a shock to the system

an unpleasant feeling that you experience when something new or unusual happens

(新的或不常见的事物)让人感到难以应对(或不快)
It's really hard getting back to work after three months off - it's quite a shock to the system. 3个月的休假之后,真的很难回到工作状态——感觉很不适应。

More examples

  • Her resignation came as quite a shock.
  • It was quite a shock for all concerned.
  • It took him years to get over the shock of his wife dying.
  • It was one hell of a shock to find out I'd lost my job.
  • When I saw him after the accident he was still in shock and was heavily sedated.

shock noun (ELECTRICITY)

C2 [ C ] an electric shock

触电;电击
Ow! - I got a shock from that lamp! 哎哟!——我被那盏灯电了一下!

shock noun (ILLNESS)

[ U ] a medical condition caused by severe injury, pain, loss of blood, or fear that slows down the flow of blood around the body

休克
Several passengers from the wrecked vehicle were taken to hospital suffering from shock. 出事的车上有几位乘客处于休克状态,被送往医院。

shock noun (DAMAGING EFFECT)

C2 [ U ] the effect of one object violently hitting another, causing damage or a slight movement

冲击,剧烈震动
For running on hard roads, you need shoes with extra cushioning to absorb (= reduce) the shock. 在坚硬的马路上奔跑时,需要穿具有超强缓冲力的鞋子。

shock noun (OFFENDED)

[ U ] a feeling of being offended or upset by something you consider wrong or unacceptable

愤怒,生气,不快
You should have seen the look of shock on her face when he started swearing! 你真应该看看他开始用粗话骂人时,她脸上那又惊又气的表情!

shock noun (HAIR)

[ S ] a large and noticeable mass of hair

惹眼的一大团毛发
The baby had a shock of bright red hair.

Idiom(s)

shockverb [ I or T ]

uk /ʃɒk/ us /ʃɑːk/

shock verb [ I or T ] (OFFEND)

B2 to offend or upset someone by doing or saying something that they consider is immoral or unacceptable

(使)愤怒,(使)生气,(使)不快
The advertisements were designed to shock - that was the whole point of the campaign. 这些广告为的就是惊世骇俗——这就是此次活动的全部意义。
[ + obj + to infinitive ] I think it shocks him to hear women talking about sex. 我想他听到女人谈性会很愤慨。

More examples

  • People were shocked by the advertisement depicting a woman beating her husband.
  • The play's eroticism shocked audiences when it was first performed.
  • I think she was shocked by my extravagance.
  • This sort of art is intended to shock.
  • I hope I haven't shocked you.

shock verb [ I or T ] (SURPRISE)

B2 to make someone feel upset or surprised

(使)震惊,(使)惊愕
The photographs of starving children shocked people into giving money. 那些饥饿儿童的照片让人们深感震惊,都纷纷解囊相助。
The news of the accident shocked the family deeply. 出事的消息让全家人深感震惊。

More examples

  • News of the disaster shocked the whole world.
  • It was the speed at which it all happened that shocked me.
  • The ferocity of the attack shocked a lot of people.
  • The acrimony of the dispute has shocked a lot of people.
  • The recent attack on the UN building has shocked the civilized world.

(Translation of “shock” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)