Translation of "short" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

short

adjective uk /ʃɔːt/ us /ʃɔːrt/
DISTANCE 距离

A1 small in length, distance, or height

短的;矮的
a short skirt 短裙
Her hair is much shorter than it used to be. 她的头发比过去短多了。
It's only a short walk to the station. 去车站只需走很短一段路程。
I'm fairly short but my brother's very tall. 我很矮,可我弟弟很高。

B2 used to say that a name is used as a shorter form of another name

(名字)简称的,缩略的
Her name's Jo - it's short for Josephine. 她名叫乔,是约瑟芬的简称。
Her name's Josephine, or Jo for short. 她名叫约瑟芬,或简称为乔。
TIME 时间

A1 being an amount of time that is less than average or usual

短的,短暂的
a short film/visit 短片/短暂的访问
He's grown so much in such a short time. 他在如此短的时间里长高了这么多。
I work much better if I take a short break every hour or so. 如果每小时我都休息一小会儿,我的工作效率会高很多。

A2 Short books, letters, and other examples of writing do not contain many words and do not take much time to read.

(书、信等)简短的
It's a very short book - you'll read it in an hour. 这是一本篇幅很短的书——你1个小时就能读完。
LACKING 缺乏的
be short (of/on sth)

B1 to not have enough of something

短缺的,缺乏的
to be short of space/time 空间/时间不足
We're short on coffee - I'd better get some more. 我们的咖啡不多了——我必须去再买一些。
The bill comes to £85, but we're £15 short. 账单是85英镑,但我们还缺15英镑。
I'm a little short (= I do not have much money) this week - could you lend me ten dollars? 我这星期钱有点儿不够用——能借我10美元吗?
short of breath

unable to breathe very well, for example because you have been running or doing some type of energetic exercise

喘不过气,上气不接下气
She's always short of breath when she climbs the stairs. 她爬楼梯时总是上气不接下气。
be in short supply

to be few or not enough in number

不够用,数量不足
Free desks are in short supply in this office. 这个办公室里的电脑不够用。
go short mainly UK

to not have something, especially when it is something you need in order to live

缺少,缺乏(尤指生存必需品)
My parents didn't have much money, but they made sure we didn't go short (of anything). 我父母并没有多少钱,但他们总是确保我们不会缺衣少食。
NOT PATIENT 不耐烦的

[ after verb ] saying little but showing slight impatience or anger in the few words that you say

(说话时)简慢的,简短无礼的
I'm sorry if I was a bit short with you on the phone this morning. 我很抱歉今天早上我在电话里有点简慢无礼。
shortness noun [ U ] uk /ˈʃɔːt.nəs/ us /ˈʃɔːrt.nəs/

shortness of time 时间的短暂
The disease may cause sweating, nausea, vomiting, and shortness of breath (= difficulties in breathing). 该疾病可能引起出冷汗、恶心、呕吐以及呼吸困难。
noun [ C ] uk /ʃɔːt/ us /ʃɔːrt/
DRINK 饮料

UK informal US shot a drink of spirits (= type of strong alcohol) without water or any other liquid added

(未掺兑的)纯烈性酒
She only drinks shorts, never wine or beer. 她只喝纯烈性酒,从不喝葡萄酒或啤酒。
FILM 电影

a short film, especially one made for showing before the main film at a cinema

(尤指正片播映之前播放的)电影短片
ELECTRICITY

informal for short circuit

短路
verb [ I or T ] uk /ʃɔːt/ us /ʃɔːrt/

informal for short-circuit (short circuit)

短路
The plumber shorted the washing machine. 水管工把电热水器弄短路了。
adverb uk /ʃɔːt/ us /ʃɔːrt/

before the arranged or expected time or place

早;提前
We wanted to explain the plans fully, but the chairman stopped us short, as there were other important matters to discuss. 我们想完整地介绍这些计划,但是主席提前打断了我们的发言,因为还有其他重要的事情需要讨论。

Idiom(s)

prefix uk /ʃɔːt-/ us /ʃɔːrt-/

used with adjectives ending in -ed formed from nouns to describe something with a short part

(与以 -ed 结尾、由名词变化而来的形容词连用)短…的
a short-haired dog (= a dog with short hair) 短毛狗
a short-sleeved shirt (= a shirt with short sleeves) 短袖衬衫

(Translation of “short” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)