Translation of "strain" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

strain noun (PRESSURE)

B2 [ C usually singular or U ] a force or influence that stretches, pulls, or puts pressure on something, sometimes causing damage

The hurricane put such a strain on the bridge that it collapsed. 在飓风强大的作用力下桥塌了。
As you get older, excess weight puts a lot of strain on the heart. 随着年龄的增长,体重过重会给心脏造成很大负担。
Their constant arguments were putting a strain on their marriage. 他们持续不断的争吵使他们的婚姻关系非常紧张。
The recent decline in the dollar has put a bigger strain on the economic system. 最近美元的贬值为经济体系带来了更大的压力。
Migration into the cities is putting a strain on already stretched resources. 城市移民给已经过度紧张的资源带来了压力。

C2 [ C ] an injury to a muscle or similar soft part of the body caused by using that part too much

a groin/hamstring strain 腹股沟/腘旁腱拉伤
See also

B2 [ C or U ] something that makes you feel nervous and worried

She's a lot better than she was but she's still not ready to face the stresses and strains of a job. 她比以前好多了,但仍然没有准备好应对工作的紧张和压力。
He's been under a lot of strain recently. 他最近压力很大。

More examples

strain noun (TYPE)

[ C ] a particular type or quality

A strain of puritanism runs through all her work. 她的所有作品都带有一种清教主义色彩。

[ C ] an animal or plant from a particular group whose characteristics are different in some way from others of the same group

Scientists have discovered a new strain of the virus which is much more dangerous. 科学家们已经发现了一种危险得多的新病毒。

strain noun (MUSIC)

strains [ plural ]

the sound of music being played or performed

I could hear the strains of Mozart in the background. 我听见背景音中有莫扎特的旋律。


uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

strain verb (SEPARATE)

[ T ] to separate liquid food from solid food, especially by pouring it through a utensil with small holes in it

Could you strain the vegetables, please. 你能把菜滤一滤吗?
The oil in which the fish is fried is strained off and used to cook potatoes.

strain verb (PRESSURE)

B2 [ I or T ] to become stretched or to experience pressure, or to make something do or experience this

I've put on such a lot of weight recently - this dress is straining at the seams. 我最近胖了很多——这条裙子穿上后紧绷绷的。
I strained a muscle in my back playing squash. 我打壁球拉伤了背肌。
Don't watch TV in the dark - you'll strain your eyes! 不要在黑暗中看电视——会伤害你的眼睛!
[ + to infinitive ] figurative I really had to strain (= try very hard) to reach those top notes. 我确实得铆足了劲儿才能唱出那些最高的音。
figurative I was straining (my ears) (= listening hard) to hear what they were saying. 我竖起耳朵拼命想听清他们在说什么。

(Translation of “strain” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)