Translation of "strain" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary


noun uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

B2 [ C usually singular or U ] a force or influence that stretches, pulls, or puts pressure on something, sometimes causing damage

The hurricane put such a strain on the bridge that it collapsed. 在飓风强大的作用力下桥塌了。
As you get older, excess weight puts a lot of strain on the heart. 随着年龄的增长,体重过重会给心脏造成很大负担。
Their constant arguments were putting a strain on their marriage. 他们持续不断的争吵使他们的婚姻关系非常紧张。
The recent decline in the dollar has put a bigger strain on the economic system. 最近美元的贬值为经济体系带来了更大的压力。
Migration into the cities is putting a strain on already stretched resources. 城市移民给已经过度紧张的资源带来了压力。

C2 [ C ] an injury to a muscle or similar soft part of the body caused by using that part too much

a groin/hamstring strain 腹股沟/腘旁腱拉伤
→ See also eyestrain

B2 [ C or U ] something that makes you feel nervous and worried

She's a lot better than she was but she's still not ready to face the stresses and strains of a job. 她比以前好多了,但仍然没有准备好应对工作的紧张和压力。
He's been under a lot of strain recently. 他最近压力很大。

[ C ] a particular type or quality

A strain of puritanism runs through all her work. 她的所有作品都带有一种清教主义色彩。

[ C ] an animal or plant from a particular group whose characteristics are different in some way from others of the same group

Scientists have discovered a new strain of the virus which is much more dangerous. 科学家们已经发现了一种危险得多的新病毒。
strains [ plural ]

the sound of music being played or performed

I could hear the strains of Mozart in the background. 我听见背景音中有莫扎特的旋律。
verb uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

[ T ] to separate liquid food from solid food, especially by pouring it through a utensil with small holes in it

Could you strain the vegetables, please. 你能把菜滤一滤吗?
The oil in which the fish is fried is strained off and used to cook potatoes.

B2 [ I or T ] to become stretched or to experience pressure, or to make something do or experience this

I've put on such a lot of weight recently - this dress is straining at the seams. 我最近胖了很多——这条裙子穿上后紧绷绷的。
I strained a muscle in my back playing squash. 我打壁球拉伤了背肌。
Don't watch TV in the dark - you'll strain your eyes! 不要在黑暗中看电视——会伤害你的眼睛!
[ + to infinitive ] figurative I really had to strain (= try very hard) to reach those top notes. 我确实得铆足了劲儿才能唱出那些最高的音。
figurative I was straining (my ears) (= listening hard) to hear what they were saying. 我竖起耳朵拼命想听清他们在说什么。
→ Compare restrain

C2 [ T ] to cause too much of something to be used, especially money:

Increases in wholesale oil prices have strained the company's finances.

(Translation of “strain” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)