Translation of "subject" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

subject

noun [ C ] uk /ˈsʌb.dʒekt/ us /ˈsʌb.dʒekt/
AREA OF DISCUSSION 学习领域

B1 the thing that is being discussed, considered, or studied

主题,话题;问题;题目
Our subject for discussion is homelessness. 我们讨论的话题是无家可归问题。
She has made a series of documentaries on the subject of family relationships. 她拍摄了一系列以家庭关系为题材的纪录片。
The guest lecturer took as her subject (= decided to speak about) "punishment and imprisonment in modern society". 特邀演讲人演讲的题目是“现代社会的刑罚与监禁”。
The number of planes flying over the town has been the subject of (= has caused) concern since last summer. 自去年夏天开始,从小镇上空飞过的飞机数量一直让人们忐忑不安。
AREA OF STUDY 学习领域

A1 an area of knowledge that is studied in school, college, or university

学科;科目;专业
My favourite subjects at school were history and English. 上学时我最喜欢的科目是历史和地理。
mainly UK Her subject (= special area of study) is low-temperature physics. 她的专业是低温物理学。
change the subject

B2 to start talking about a different subject

改变话题,换个话题
I'd tried to explain the situation, but he just changed the subject. 我想把情况解释清楚,他却岔开了话题。
STORY/PAINTING

C2 a person, thing, or situation that is written about in a book, article, etc. or shown in a picture, etc.:

The mill by the bridge was the subject of an unfinished painting by J. M. W. Turner.
GRAMMAR 语法

B1 specialized language the person or thing that performs the action of a verb, or is joined to a description by a verb

主语
"Bob" is the subject of the sentence "Bob threw the ball." Bob 是句子 Bob threw the ball 的主语。
→ Compare object noun
PERSON

a person who lives in or who has the right to live in a particular country, especially a country with a king or queen

(尤指君主制国家的)臣民,国民
He is a British subject. 他是英国国民。
→ Compare citizen
verb [ T ] uk /səbˈdʒekt/ us /səbˈdʒekt/

to defeat people or a country and then control them against their wishes and limit their freedom

使臣服,征服,压服
The invaders quickly subjected the local tribes. 入侵者很快就征服了当地的部落。

Phrasal verb(s)

adjective uk /ˈsʌb.dʒekt/ us /ˈsʌb.dʒekt/
HAVING 拥有
be subject to sth

C1 to have or experience a particular thing, especially something unpleasant

有;遭受,承受
Cars are subject to a high domestic tax. 买汽车要交很高的国内税。
In recent years, she has been subject to attacks of depression. 近年来,她一直饱受抑郁症的折磨。
DEPEND 依赖
subject to sth

C2 only able to happen if something else happens

取决于,视…而定
We plan to go on Wednesday, subject to your approval. 如果你同意,我们打算周三走。
Moving all the books should not take long, subject to there being (= if there are) enough helpers. 如果有足够的人手,把所有的书都搬走花不了多少时间。
GOVERN 统治

[ before noun ] under the political control of another country or state

使臣服,征服,压服
subject peoples/states 被征服的民族/国家

(Translation of “subject” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)