Translation of "understand" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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understandverb

uk /ˌʌn.dəˈstænd/ us /ˌʌn.dɚˈstænd/ understood, understood

understand verb (KNOW)

A1 [ I or T ] to know the meaning of something that someone says

理解;明白;懂得
She explained the whole idea again, but I still didn't understand. 她把整个想法又解释了一遍,但我还是不明白。
Is there anyone here who understands Arabic? 这儿有人懂阿拉伯语吗?
I think he was calling from a club - it was so noisy, I couldn't understand a word he said. 我想他是在一个酒吧里打的电话——那头太吵了,他说的话我一个字也没听清。

A2 [ I or T ] to know why or how something happens or works

弄懂,搞明白
[ + question word ] We still don't fully understand how the brain works. 我们还未完全弄懂大脑是如何工作的。

B1 [ I or T ] to know how someone feels or why someone behaves in a particular way

理解;体谅
My wife doesn't understand me. 我太太不理解我。
Sometimes I don't understand James. 有时候我搞不懂詹姆斯。
[ + question word ] You don't understand what it's like/how it feels to have to beg on the streets. 你不了解出于无奈才上街乞讨是什么样子/是什么样的感觉。
understand sb to mean sth

to think, especially wrongly, that someone means a particular thing

(尤指错误地)把(某人)的意思理解为…
When he said three o'clock, I understood him to mean in the afternoon. 他说3点钟时,我误解为是下午。
understand each other/one another

When two people understand one another, they both know what the other means and wants and they have an agreement.

彼此理解
I wanted to make sure that we want the same things, that we really understand each other.

More examples

  • He explained it as simply as he could, but the class still didn't understand.
  • The plot of the film was too involved - I couldn't understand it.
  • She started gabbling away at me in Spanish and I didn't understand a word.
  • If there's anything you don't understand, I'll be happy to explain.
  • You should make certain that everyone understands the instructions.

understand verb (REALIZE)

C1 [ T ] formal to know or realize something because you have been told it

得知,获悉,听说
[ + (that) ] I understand (that) you are interested in borrowing some money from us. 我听说你想从我们这里借些钱。
[ + that ] The Director had given her to understand (= told her) that she would be promoted. 主任跟她说她将会得到提拔。
[ + obj + to infinitive ] A secret buyer is understood to have paid $1 million for the three pictures (= there is unofficial news that this has happened). 据说,有一位不愿透露姓名的买家花了100万英镑买走了那3幅画。

[ I or T ] formal used when making certain that someone knows what you mean and will do as you want

(用于询问他人是否明白自己所表达的意思并按要求去做)明白
I don't want you to see that boy again. Understand?/Do you understand?/Is that understood? 我不想让你再和那个男孩见面,明白吗?
it is understood formal

used to refer to something such as a rule that everyone knows and accepts

众所周知
In the library it is understood that people should talk quietly. 众所周知,图书馆里禁止大声喧哗。

More examples

  • I don't think you quite understand the severity of our financial problems.
  • I understand the rent is fixed at £750 a month.
  • I understand how you feel, but you really must keep trying.
  • It can help to talk to someone who is suffering the same problems and who understands what it's like.
  • It is hard for the able-bodied to understand the difficulties that disabled people encounter in their daily lives.

(Translation of “understand” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)