Translation of "understand" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

understand

verb (KNOW) 知道 uk us /ˌʌn.dəˈstænd/ US  /-dɚ-/ (understood)

[ I or T ] to know the meaning of something that someone says

理解;明白;懂得
She explained the whole idea again, but I still didn't understand. 她把整个想法又解释了一遍,但我还是不明白。
Is there anyone here who understands Arabic? 这儿有人懂阿拉伯语吗?
I think he was phoning from a pub - it was so noisy I couldn't understand (= recognize) a word he said. 我想他是在一个酒吧里打的电话——那头太吵了,他说的话我一个字也没听清。

[ I or T ] to know why or how something happens or works

弄懂,搞明白
[ + question word ] We still don't fully understand how the brain works. 我们还未完全弄懂大脑是如何工作的。

[ I or T ] to know how someone feels or why they behave in a particular way

理解;体谅
My wife doesn't understand me. 我太太不理解我。
Sometimes I don't understand James. 有时候我搞不懂詹姆斯。
[ + question word ] You don't understand what it's like/how it feels to have to beg on the streets. 你不了解出于无奈才上街乞讨是什么样子/是什么样的感觉。
understand sb to mean sth

to think, especially wrongly, that someone means a particular thing

(尤指错误地)把(某人)的意思理解为…
When he said 3 o'clock, I understood him to mean in the afternoon. 他说3点钟时,我误解为是下午。
understand one another/each other

When two people understand one another, they both know what the other means and wants and they have an agreement

彼此理解
Both sides must try to understand one another, to recognise each others' rights, feelings and beliefs. 双方都应尽量相互理解,认可彼此的权利、情感和信仰。

(Translation of “understand verb (KNOW)” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)