Translation of "work" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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worknoun

uk /wɜːk/ us /wɝːk/

work noun (ACTIVITY)

A1 [ U ] an activity, such as a job, that a person uses physical or mental effort to do, usually for money

工作;劳动;活儿
I've got so much work to do. 我有一大堆工作要做。
Carrying heavy loads around all day is hard work. 整天来回运送重物是个苦活儿。
What time do you start/finish work? 你什么时间开始/完成工作?
Aileen does most of the work around the house. 阿德里安做大部分的家务活儿。
What sort of work are you experienced in? 你对哪一种工作有经验?
She tends to wear quite dressy clothes for work. 她总是穿得漂漂亮亮的去上班。
Roger's work involves a lot of travelling. 罗杰的工作需要经常出差。

A2 [ U ] the material used by someone at work, or what they produce

工作材料;工作成果
I'll have to take this work home with me and finish it there. 我只好把这项工作带回家完成。
All the furniture is the work of residents here. 所有的家具都是这里居民的劳动成果。

More examples

  • In common with many mothers, she feels torn between her family and her work.
  • You need to have agile fingers to do this kind of work.
  • We had a disagreement over the fee for the work.
  • We've finished decorating upstairs but the downstairs still needs some work.
  • They pay me next to nothing but I really enjoy the work.

work noun (PLACE)

A1 [ U ] a place where a person goes specially to do their job

工作场所,工作地点
Do you have far to travel to work each day? 你每天上班路远不远?
Thousands of people are seriously injured at work every year. 每年都有数以千计的人在工作中受重伤。
When does she leave for work? 她什么时候去上班?

More examples

  • It's at least an hour's commute to work.
  • I like the convenience of living so near work.
  • She had a crash on the way to work.
  • I've been getting a lot of aggravation at work recently.
  • We back up our computer files at work on a daily basis.

work noun (CREATION)

B2 [ C ] something created as a result of effort, especially a painting, book, or piece of music

作品,著作(尤指绘画、书籍或音乐作品)
The museum has many works by Picasso as well as other modern painters. 这家博物馆有很多毕加索的作品,也有不少其他现代画家的作品。
the poetic works of Tagore 泰戈尔的诗作

More examples

  • This novel is his best work to date.
  • The mature works of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven and Schubert belong to the Classical period.
  • The museum's collection includes works of art from all around the world.
  • The exhibition juxtaposes Picasso's early drawings with some of his later works.
  • In a coda to the main exhibition are various works which were once attributed to Rembrandt.

work noun (EVERYTHING)

the works informal

everything that you might want or expect to find in a particular situation

全套物品
The bridegroom was wearing a morning suit, gloves, top hat - the works. 新郎穿着晨礼服,戴着手套和高顶礼帽——全套的行头。
mainly US And can I have two large pizzas with the works (= with all available types of food on top). 给我来两份全套的比萨饼吧。

work noun (FACTORY)

works [ C ] plural works

an industrial building, especially one where a lot of people are employed

(尤指工人众多的)工厂
a steel/iron works 钢铁/汽车厂

work noun (MACHINE)

works [ plural ]

the parts of a machine, especially those that move

(机器的)活动部件
If you take the back off this clock, you can see its/the works. 如果你把钟的后盖打开,就会看到那些活动部件。

work noun (PHYSICS)

[ U ] specialized physics force multiplied by distance moved

功;做功

workverb

uk /wɜːk/ us /wɝːk/

work verb (HAVE EFFECT)

B1 [ I usually + adv/prep ] to be effective or successful

有效;成功
Her idea for reorganizing the department will never work in practice. 她关于部门重组的构想实际上永远都不会实现。
The tablets will start to work in a few minutes. 几分钟后药片就会开始起作用。
Some people think I'm weird doing meditation, but it works for me and that's all that matters. 有些人认为我进行冥想有点古怪,但这对我有用,这才是最重要的。
Arguably, the monarchy worked well for many centuries. 有据可考,君主政体成功施行了很多个世纪。

More examples

  • The argument that sanctions should be given more time to work is seductive but fatally flawed.
  • In conclusion, I submit that the proposal will not work without some major changes.
  • The opposition claimed that the government's education policy was not working.
  • My new diet seems to be working. I've lost weight already.
  • These tactics worked well in the last match.

work verb (DO JOB)

A1 [ I or T ] to do a job, especially the job you do to earn money, or to make someone do a job

(使)工作;(使)劳动;(使)干活儿(尤指为了挣钱)
He works at the hospital. 他在当地的医院工作。
She worked as a cleaner at the hospital. 她在医院里当清洁工。
Mike works for a computer company. 迈克在一家计算机公司工作。
It's not unusual for a junior doctor to work a 70 or sometimes an 80-hour week. 对于一名初级医生来说,每周工作70甚或80小时是很平常的。
Have you any experience of working with children who have learning difficulties? 你有没有辅导过学习吃力的孩子?
The instructors worked us very hard on the survival course. 生存训练课上老师把我们累坏了。
See also

More examples

  • He works for a company that makes software.
  • She works three afternoons a week at the library.
  • She has worked as an estate agent among other things.
  • I worked as an artist's model when I was a student.
  • I'm working late this evening.

work verb (OPERATE)

A2 [ I or T ] If a machine or device works, it operates, especially correctly and without failure, and if you work it, you make it operate.

运转,运行;操作
Our phone isn't working. 我们的电话坏了。
You need a team of about twelve people to work a furnace this size. 这样大小的熔炉需要大约12个人来维持其运行。
The pump works off/on (= uses) wind power. 这个泵利用风力。
The pump is worked by (= uses to operate) wind power. 这个泵靠风力运转。
I can't get the radio to work. 我怎么也鼓弄不好这台收音机。

More examples

  • You're welcome to it - I can never get it to work properly.
  • Dust particles must have got into the motor, which is why it isn't working properly.
  • How do you work this machine?
  • It's a common-or-garden washing machine with just the basic functions, but it works perfectly well.
  • The machine works according to the principle of electromagnetic conduction.

work verb (SUCCEED IN BECOMING)

[ I or T, + adv/prep ] to succeed gradually in becoming something or cause a person or thing to become something, either by making an effort or by making many small movements

(使)变成;(使)成为
He started as a technician and worked his way up through the company to become managing director. 他从一名技术员做起,一步一步晋升为公司的总经理。
Eventually she worked her way through (= read) the huge amount of technical papers. 最后她终于读完了一大堆技术论文。
Vibration tends to make nuts and screws work themselves loose. 震动会使螺母和螺丝自动松开。
The screws had worked loose over time. 随着时间的推移,螺丝已经松了。

More examples

  • Sidney ruthlessly worked his way up from the position of junior clerk to chairman of the company.
  • She is now a senior executive having worked her way up through the company.
  • The splinter had worked its way under his skin.
  • It will take all weekend to work through this pile of marking.
  • She plans to work her way to the top.

work verb (ARRANGE)

[ T ] informal to arrange for something to happen, especially by not using official methods and/or by being clever

(尤指不通过官方认可的方式或巧妙地)安排
I don't know how she worked it, but she retired at 50. 我不知道她是如何做到在50岁领全薪退休的。
Can we work things (out) so that there's always someone here to answer the phone during office hours? 我们能否安排一下,以便在工作时间这里总是有人接电话?

work verb (SHAPE)

[ T ] to shape, change, or process a substance

使成形;塑造;加工
Working iron requires higher temperatures than bronze. 加工铁比加工青铜需要更高的温度。
Gently work the butter into the flour until there are no lumps left. 轻轻地把黄油揉到面粉里,直到没有硬块为止。

-worksuffix

uk / -wɜːk/ us / -wɝːk/

used to refer to work of a particular type

…工作(表示工作的种类)
homework 家务
paperwork 文字工作

used to refer to a skill or activity using a particular type of material

使用(某种材料)的手艺(或活动)
Girls and boys study woodwork and metalwork at this school. 在这所学校里,男孩和女孩们学习木工和金属制造手艺。

used to name things made of a particular material

…制品
stonework 石制品
ironwork 铁制品

(Translation of “work” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)