Translation of "action" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary

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actionnoun

uk /ˈæk.ʃən/ us /ˈæk.ʃən/

action noun (DOING SOMETHING)

B2 [ U ] the process of doing something, especially when dealing with a problem or difficulty

(尤指應對問題或困難的)行動,行動過程,行為
This problem calls for swift/prompt action from the government. 這個問題需要政府馬上採取行動。
[ + to infinitive ] Action to prevent the spread of the disease is high on the government's agenda. 採取行動防止疾病蔓延是政府的當務之急。
We must take action (= do something) to deal with the problem before it spreads to other areas. 在這個問題蔓延到其他地區之前我們一定要採取行動將其解決。
So what's the plan of action? (= What are we going to do?) 那麼行動計劃是甚麼?
The complaints system swings into action (= starts to work) as soon as a claim is made. 一旦有人提出索賠,投訴處理系統就馬上啟動。
The committee was spurred into action (= encouraged to do something) by the threat of government cuts. 政府威脅要削減經費,這促使委員會採取了行動。

More examples

  • The government is supporting military action.
  • The richer countries of the world must take action to help the poorer countries.
  • I hope these arguments have convinced you of the need for action.
  • The army are said to be ready for action.
  • It is clear that most women supported this action, from the results of the opinion poll.

action noun (SOMETHING DONE)

B2 [ C ] something that you do

行為,作為,所做之事
She has to accept the consequences of her actions. 她必須對自己行為的後果負責。
I asked him to explain his actions. 我要求他為自己的所作所為作出解釋。

C2 [ C ] a physical movement

(身體的)動作
I'll say the words and you can mime the actions. 我會說出這些詞,你可以做動作把它們的意思表達出來。
It only needs a small wrist action (= movement of the wrist) to start the process. 只需動一動手腕,程式就啟動了。

More examples

  • She wrote an angry letter to the paper complaining about the council's action.
  • The four soldiers received medals for their brave actions.
  • The defendant was depressed and therefore not fully responsible for her own actions.
  • We will not allow the violent actions of terrorists to change our way of life.
  • I'm sorry I punched him, it was a reflex action.

action noun (ACTIVITY)

B1 [ U ] things that are happening, especially exciting or important things

發生的事情;(尤指)令人激動的事,大事
I like movies with a lot of action. 我喜歡情節緊湊的影片。
In her last novel, the action (= the main events) moves between Greece and southern Spain. 在她最近發表的那本小說裡,故事情節在希臘和西班牙南部交替展開。
where the action is

at the place where something important or interesting is happening

大事(或趣事)發生的地方
A journalist has to be where the action is. 記者必須要親臨事件的現場。

More examples

  • I like a lowbrow action movie once in a while.
  • Her latest film is the staple offering of action and comedy which we have come to expect.
  • It's a typical action film with plenty of spectacular stunts.
  • At various points in the play, the action tips over from comedy into farce.
  • He landed a part in a multi-million pound action thriller and made the Hollywood A list.

action noun (EFFECT)

[ S ] the effect something has on another thing

(一物對另一物所起的)作用
They recorded the action of the drug on the nervous system. 他們紀錄下了這種藥物對神經系統的作用。

More examples

  • Accumulations of sand can be formed by the action of waves on coastal beaches.
  • The action of market forces means that the cost of something rises if demand for it rises and the amount available remains constant.
  • His many years of research made him an expert on the action of snake venom.
  • The distinctive landscape has been formed by the action of running water on the limestone.
  • The project will study the action of various drugs on the human body.

action noun (WAR)

C2 [ U ] fighting in a war

戰鬥;作戰
Her younger son was killed in action. 她的小兒子在戰鬥中陣亡。
He was reported missing in action. 據報導,他在戰鬥中失蹤。
He saw action (= fought as a soldier) in the trenches. 他參加了壕溝戰。

action noun (WAY THING WORKS)

C2 [ U or C ] the way something moves or works

運作;功能
We studied the action of the digestive system. 我們研究了消化系統的機能。
The car has a very smooth braking action. 這輛轎車煞車性能很平穩。

action noun (LEGAL PROCESS)

C1 [ C or U ] specialized law a legal process that is decided in a law court

訴訟;起訴
a libel action 誹謗訴訟
She brought an action (for negligence) against the hospital. 她起訴醫院(怠忽職守)。
A criminal action was brought against him. 他被提起刑事訴訟。
The book was halted in South Africa by a threat of legal action. 因為遭到起訴的威脅,該書在南非停止發行。

actionverb [ T usually passive ]

uk /ˈæk.ʃən/ us /ˈæk.ʃən/

to do something to deal with a particular problem or matter

對…採取行動;就…採取措施
I'll just run through the minutes of the last meeting, raising those points that still have to be actioned. 下面我將扼要重述一下上次會議的紀錄,把亟待處理的重點問題提出來。

(Translation of “action” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)