Translation of "break" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary

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breakverb

uk /breɪk/ us /breɪk/ broke, broken

break verb (DAMAGE)

A2 [ I or T ] to (cause something to) separate suddenly or violently into two or more pieces, or to (cause something to) stop working by being damaged

破碎,破裂;打破;打斷;損壞,弄壞
The dish fell to the floor and broke. 碟子掉到地上摔碎了。
Charles is always breaking things. 查爾斯老是打碎東西。
She fell and broke her arm (= broke the bone in her arm). 她摔斷了胳膊。
I dropped the vase and it broke into pieces. 我把花瓶掉在地上摔碎了。
I think I've broken your phone. 我想我弄壞了你的卡式錄音機。
I picked it up and the handle broke off. 我把它撿了起來,可是手柄斷了。
We heard the sound of breaking glass. 我們聽見玻璃破碎的聲音。

More examples

  • Take an egg and break it into the bowl.
  • I've broken my leg, but the doctor says that it's a clean break, so it should heal easily.
  • If you force the zip, it'll break.
  • Things got a little wild at the party and three windows were broken.
  • His mother scolded him for breaking her favourite vase.

break verb (END)

B2 [ I or T ] to destroy or end something, or to come to an end

毀壞,打破;結束,終結
Eventually someone spoke, breaking the silence. 最後終於有人開口打破了沉默。
She laughed and that broke the tension. 她大笑起來,打破了緊張氣氛。
The enemy were unable to break the code (= understand it and so make it useless). 敵人無法破譯密碼。
Outside workers were brought in in an attempt to break (= end) the strike. 外面的工人被調進來以結束罷工。
break a/the record

B2 to do something better than the best known speed, time, number, etc. previously achieved

打破紀錄
She broke the record for the 5,000 metres. 她打破了5000米的紀錄。

More examples

  • The routine was the same every day, with nothing to break the monotony.
  • A thrush's song was the only sound to break the silence.
  • She managed to decipher/break/crack the code.
  • I'm trying to get him to break the habit of switching on the TV when he comes home at night.
  • She came perilously close to getting herself killed in her attempt to break the world record.

break verb (NOT OBEY)

B2 [ T ] to fail to keep a law, rule, or promise

破壞;違反;違背
He didn't know he was breaking the law (= doing something illegal). 他不知道自己的行為是犯法的。
She broke her promise/word to me (= did not do what she promised she would). 她違背了對我的諾言。

More examples

  • They connived to break the school rules at every opportunity.
  • She seems to think that it's perfectly all right to break the law.
  • She is at worst corrupt, and at best has been knowingly breaking the rules.
  • He broke his promise and there wasn't a thing we could do about it.
  • They broke with convention by giving up their jobs and becoming self-sufficient.

break verb (DIVIDE)

[ I or T, + adv/prep ] to (cause something to) divide into two or more parts or groups

打亂;打破;分散;分開;分解
These enzymes break down food in the stomach (= cause food to separate into smaller pieces). 這些酵素在胃中分解食物。
I asked her to break her expenses down into food, travel and personal costs. 我叫她把日常開支細分為食品、住宿、旅行和個人花費。

More examples

  • An enzyme in the saliva of the mouth starts the process of breaking down the food.
  • Vitamin B6 helps build and break down carbohydrates, fats, and protein, and aids in the formation and maintenance of the nervous system.
  • The syllabus is broken down into four main areas: reading, writing, listening and speaking.
  • The story is broken down into little bits of text to help children read it themselves.
  • It's much easier if you break down large projects into a series of small tasks.

break verb (INTERRUPT)

B1 [ T ] to interrupt or to stop something for a short period

打斷;中斷,中止
We usually break for lunch at 12.30. 我們通常12點半休息吃午餐。
I needed something to break the monotony of my typing job. 我需要做點甚麽來打發打字工作的單調。
The phone rang, breaking my concentration. 電話響了,打斷了我的注意。
UK They decided to break their journey in Singapore. 他們決定在新加坡稍作停留。

More examples

  • Sara says she needs a clean break with the past.
  • I need a break, a complete change of scene.
  • I see it's approaching lunchtime, so let's take a break.
  • During the break between games, she had a drink of water and wiped the perspiration off her face and arms with a towel.
  • You shouldn't drive for more than three hours without taking a break.

break verb (USE FORCE)

C2 [ I or T, usually + adv/prep ] to go somewhere or do something by force

急衝;猛闖;突破
He threatened to break the door down (= enter using force). 他威脅要砸門進來。
The horse tried to break free from its stable. 那匹馬想從馬廐裡掙脫出去。
In the storm the boat broke loose from its moorings. 暴風雨中船脫開了纜繩。
The thieves broke the safe open and stole the diamonds. 盜賊撬開保險箱偷走了鑽石。
The police broke up the fight (= ended it forcefully). 警方強行制止了打鬥。
She broke his grip and ran away. 她用力掙脫了他的手,跑開了。

break verb (EMOTION)

[ I or T ] to lose your confidence, determination, or ability to control yourself, or to make someone do this

(使)(自控能力、信心、意志等)崩潰
He thought she would break under the strain. 他覺得她在壓力之下會崩潰的。
They tried to break his will (= make him lose his control) but he resisted. 他們企圖使他失去自控,但他頂住了。

break verb (BECOME KNOWN)

C2 [ I or T ] to become known or to make something become known

暴露,洩漏;透漏;傳開
When the scandal broke (= came to the public's attention), the CEO resigned immediately. 醜聞曝光後公司主管自殺了。
It was the local newspaper that first broke the story (= told the public). 是當地的報紙首先披露了這件事。

break verb (WAVES)

[ I usually + adv/prep ] (of waves) to reach and move over the beach, hit a cliff or wall, etc.

(波浪)拍岸,迸濺
A huge wave broke on/against the shore/over the boat. 一個大浪拍打岸邊/沖上輪船。

break verb (DAY)

dawn/day breaks

When dawn or day breaks, the sun starts to appear in the sky early in the morning.

(晨光)初現;(天)破曉
Dawn broke over the city. 城市上空,天光破曉。

break verb (VOICE)

[ I ] If someone's voice breaks, it changes because of strong emotions.

(嗓音)改變
Her voice was breaking with emotion as she pleaded for her child's return. 當她苦苦哀求讓她的孩子回來時激動得嗓音都變了調。

break verb (TENNIS)

break serve

(in tennis) to win a game in which another player is serving (= hitting the ball first)

(網球中)破發球
Nadal broke Cilic's serve in the second set. 森柏斯在第二盤中破了伊萬尼塞維奇的發球局。

breaknoun

uk /breɪk/ us /breɪk/

break noun (INTERRUPTION)

[ C ] an interruption

中止,中斷
Finally there was a break in the rain and we went out. 雨終於停了,我們都出來了。

[ C ] mainly UK the short period of advertisements between television programmes

廣告時間
I'll make us a cup of tea in the next break. 下次插播廣告時我去替大家泡杯茶。

A2 [ C ] a short period of rest, when food or drink is sometimes eaten

休息;(用茶點的)休息時間
a coffee break 喝咖啡的休息時間/茶歇
UK a tea break 喝咖啡的休息時間/茶歇
a lunch/dinner break 午/晚餐時間
We'll take another break at 3.30. 我們三點半再休息一次。
They worked through the night without a break. 他們連續工作了一個晚上。
Do you usually take a morning/afternoon break? 你通常上午/下午中間休息嗎?

[ U ] mainly UK also break time the regular time in the middle of the morning or afternoon, for school students to talk or play, and sometimes have food or drink

課間休息
We were talking about it at break. 我們課間休息時還在談論這件事。

B1 [ C ] a time away from work or your regular activity, or a holiday

(中斷工作或日常活動的)休息時間;假期
Take a couple of weeks off - you need a break. 請幾個星期的假吧——你需要休息。
How long is the Christmas break this year? 今年的聖誕假期有多長?
We decided to have a short/spring/winter/weekend break in Paris. 我們決定在巴黎停留一下/休春假/休寒假/度週末。
I'll read your report over (= during) the Christmas break. 我將在復活節休假期間看你的報告。
I need a break from typing. 我需要休息一段時間,不打字。
give sb a break

to allow someone some time away from their work or regular activities

給…一些休息時間;讓…有機會擱下日常的活動或工作
I babysit every Friday to give her a break. 每週五我都負責照顧孩子,好讓她能休息一下。

informal to stop criticizing or annoying someone, or behaving in an unpleasant way

停止批評(某人);饒恕(某人)
Give her a break - she's only a child and she didn't mean any harm. 饒了她吧——她還只是個孩子,況且她並無惡意。

More examples

  • Sara says she needs a clean break with the past.
  • I need a break, a complete change of scene.
  • I see it's approaching lunchtime, so let's take a break.
  • During the break between games, she had a drink of water and wiped the perspiration off her face and arms with a towel.
  • You shouldn't drive for more than three hours without taking a break.

break noun (OPPORTUNITY)

C2 [ C ] an opportunity for improving a situation, especially one that happens unexpectedly

機會;機緣;好運
Her big break came when she was offered a role in a Spielberg movie. 她在史帝芬.史匹柏執導的影片中得到了一個角色,她的機會來了。

break noun (DAMAGE)

C1 [ C ] a place where something has broken

破裂,裂口,裂縫
There's a break in the pipe. 管子上有道裂縫。

break noun (END)

[ C ] the end of a relationship, connection, or way of doing something

毀壞;打破;結束,終結
Their decision to not name their daughter Jane was a break with family tradition. 他們決定不給女兒起名為簡,這違背了家族傳統。
make a break also make the break

to stop having a close relationship with someone, especially stop living with them , or to change a course of action that you have had for a long time

與…結束關係(尤指不再住在一起);改變(一貫的行為)
You've been in your job for years - it's time you made a break. 那份工作你已幹了多年了——是時候改變一下了。
When a relationship ends, it's often best to make a clean/complete break (= suddenly and completely stop seeing each other). 結束一段感情最好是一刀兩斷。

break noun (SPORT)

[ C ] in tennis, a game won by the player who was not serving (= hitting the ball first)

(網球中的)破發,接發球得分
Murray must get another break (of serve) to win. 拉夫特必須再破對方一個發球局才能贏。

[ C ] in snooker and billiards, the number of points that a player gets during one turn at hitting the balls

(桌球和撞球中的)一桿得分,一次連續得分

[ S ] in football, an occasion when a defending team gains possession of the ball in its own half and attacks quickly into the opposing team's half

(桌球和撞球中的)一桿得分,一次連續得分

break noun (ESCAPE)

make a break (from/for)

to escape from/towards somewhere or something, often by force

(常指用暴力)逃離,逃脫
A group of prisoners made a break from the jail a few years back. 幾年前一群犯人越獄逃跑了。
The cat made a break for the door. 那隻貓飛快地跑向門口。
When he let go, I made a break for it (= escaped quickly). 他一放開我,我馬上就遛了。
See also

break noun (MORNING)

break of day [ U ] literary

the time when the sun rises in the morning

破曉
We set out at break of day. 我們破曉時分出發。
See also

(Translation of “break” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)