Translation of "break" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary

break

verb uk /breɪk/ us /breɪk/ broke, broken
DAMAGE 損壞

A2 [ I or T ] to (cause something to) separate suddenly or violently into two or more pieces, or to (cause something to) stop working by being damaged

破碎,破裂;打破;打斷;損壞,弄壞
The dish fell to the floor and broke. 碟子掉到地上摔碎了。
Charles is always breaking things. 查爾斯老是打碎東西。
She fell and broke her arm (= broke the bone in her arm). 她摔斷了胳膊。
I dropped the vase and it broke into pieces. 我把花瓶掉在地上摔碎了。
I think I've broken your phone. 我想我弄壞了你的卡式錄音機。
I picked it up and the handle broke off. 我把它撿了起來,可是手柄斷了。
We heard the sound of breaking glass. 我們聽見玻璃破碎的聲音。
END 結束

B2 [ I or T ] to destroy or end something, or to come to an end

毀壞,打破;結束,終結
Eventually someone spoke, breaking the silence. 最後終於有人開口打破了沉默。
She laughed and that broke the tension. 她大笑起來,打破了緊張氣氛。
The enemy were unable to break the code (= understand it and so make it useless). 敵人無法破譯密碼。
Outside workers were brought in in an attempt to break (= end) the strike. 外面的工人被調進來以結束罷工。
break a/the record

B2 to do something better than the best known speed, time, number, etc. previously achieved

打破紀錄
She broke the record for the 5,000 metres. 她打破了5000米的紀錄。
NOT OBEY 違背

B2 [ T ] to fail to keep a law, rule, or promise

破壞;違反;違背
He didn't know he was breaking the law (= doing something illegal). 他不知道自己的行為是犯法的。
She broke her promise/word to me (= did not do what she promised she would). 她違背了對我的諾言。
DIVIDE 分開

[ I or T, + adv/prep ] to (cause something to) divide into two or more parts or groups

打亂;打破;分散;分開;分解
These enzymes break down food in the stomach (= cause food to separate into smaller pieces). 這些酵素在胃中分解食物。
I asked her to break her expenses down into food, travel and personal costs. 我叫她把日常開支細分為食品、住宿、旅行和個人花費。
INTERRUPT 打斷

B1 [ T ] to interrupt or to stop something for a short period

打斷;中斷,中止
We usually break for lunch at 12.30. 我們通常12點半休息吃午餐。
I needed something to break the monotony of my typing job. 我需要做點甚麽來打發打字工作的單調。
The phone rang, breaking my concentration. 電話響了,打斷了我的注意。
UK They decided to break their journey in Singapore. 他們決定在新加坡稍作停留。
USE FORCE 用力

C2 [ I or T, usually + adv/prep ] to go somewhere or do something by force

急衝;猛闖;突破
He threatened to break the door down (= enter using force). 他威脅要砸門進來。
The horse tried to break free from its stable. 那匹馬想從馬廐裡掙脫出去。
In the storm the boat broke loose from its moorings. 暴風雨中船脫開了纜繩。
The thieves broke the safe open and stole the diamonds. 盜賊撬開保險箱偷走了鑽石。
The police broke up the fight (= ended it forcefully). 警方強行制止了打鬥。
She broke his grip and ran away. 她用力掙脫了他的手,跑開了。
EMOTION 情緒

[ I or T ] to lose your confidence, determination, or ability to control yourself, or to make someone do this

(使)(自控能力、信心、意志等)崩潰
He thought she would break under the strain. 他覺得她在壓力之下會崩潰的。
They tried to break his will (= make him lose his control) but he resisted. 他們企圖使他失去自控,但他頂住了。
BECOME KNOWN 洩漏

C2 [ I or T ] to become known or to make something become known

暴露,洩漏;透漏;傳開
When the scandal broke (= came to the public's attention), the CEO resigned immediately. 醜聞曝光後公司主管自殺了。
It was the local newspaper that first broke the story (= told the public). 是當地的報紙首先披露了這件事。
WAVES 波浪

[ I usually + adv/prep ] (of waves) to reach and move over the beach, hit a cliff or wall, etc.

(波浪)拍岸,迸濺
A huge wave broke on/against the shore/over the boat. 一個大浪拍打岸邊/沖上輪船。
WEATHER

C2 [ I ] (of the weather) to change suddenly and usually become worse:

The forecast is for the hot weather to break today.
STORM

C2 [ I ] (of a storm) to start suddenly:

We arrived just as a storm was breaking.
DAY 黎明
dawn/day breaks

When dawn or day breaks, the sun starts to appear in the sky early in the morning.

(晨光)初現;(天)破曉
Dawn broke over the city. 城市上空,天光破曉。
VOICE 嗓音

[ I ] When a boy's voice breaks it begins to sound like a man's:

His voice broke when he was 13.

[ I ] If someone's voice breaks, it changes because of strong emotions.

(嗓音)改變
Her voice was breaking with emotion as she pleaded for her child's return. 當她苦苦哀求讓她的孩子回來時激動得嗓音都變了調。
TENNIS 體育
break serve

(in tennis) to win a game in which another player is serving (= hitting the ball first)

(網球中)破發球
Nadal broke Cilic's serve in the second set. 森柏斯在第二盤中破了伊萬尼塞維奇的發球局。
FOOTBALL

[ I ] If a football team breaks, it gets the ball in its own half and attacks quickly into the opposing team's half:

Blues broke quickly, catching Wolves on the back foot.
noun uk /breɪk/ us /breɪk/
INTERRUPTION 中斷

[ C ] an interruption

中止,中斷
Finally there was a break in the rain and we went out. 雨終於停了,我們都出來了。

[ C ] mainly UK the short period of advertisements between television programmes

廣告時間
I'll make us a cup of tea in the next break. 下次插播廣告時我去替大家泡杯茶。

A2 [ C ] a short period of rest, when food or drink is sometimes eaten

休息;(用茶點的)休息時間
a coffee break 喝咖啡的休息時間/茶歇
UK a tea break 喝咖啡的休息時間/茶歇
a lunch/dinner break 午/晚餐時間
We'll take another break at 3.30. 我們三點半再休息一次。
They worked through the night without a break. 他們連續工作了一個晚上。
Do you usually take a morning/afternoon break? 你通常上午/下午中間休息嗎?

[ U ] mainly UK also break time the regular time in the middle of the morning or afternoon, for school students to talk or play, and sometimes have food or drink

課間休息
We were talking about it at break. 我們課間休息時還在談論這件事。

B1 [ C ] a time away from work or your regular activity, or a holiday

(中斷工作或日常活動的)休息時間;假期
Take a couple of weeks off - you need a break. 請幾個星期的假吧——你需要休息。
How long is the Christmas break this year? 今年的聖誕假期有多長?
We decided to have a short/spring/winter/weekend break in Paris. 我們決定在巴黎停留一下/休春假/休寒假/度週末。
I'll read your report over (= during) the Christmas break. 我將在復活節休假期間看你的報告。
I need a break from typing. 我需要休息一段時間,不打字。
give sb a break

to allow someone some time away from their work or regular activities

給…一些休息時間;讓…有機會擱下日常的活動或工作
I babysit every Friday to give her a break. 每週五我都負責照顧孩子,好讓她能休息一下。

informal to stop criticizing or annoying someone, or behaving in an unpleasant way

停止批評(某人);饒恕(某人)
Give her a break - she's only a child and she didn't mean any harm. 饒了她吧——她還只是個孩子,況且她並無惡意。
OPPORTUNITY 機會

C2 [ C ] an opportunity for improving a situation, especially one that happens unexpectedly

機會;機緣;好運
Her big break came when she was offered a role in a Spielberg movie. 她在史帝芬.史匹柏執導的影片中得到了一個角色,她的機會來了。
DAMAGE 損壞

C1 [ C ] a place where something has broken

破裂,裂口,裂縫
There's a break in the pipe. 管子上有道裂縫。
END 結束

[ C ] the end of a relationship, connection, or way of doing something

毀壞;打破;結束,終結
Their decision to not name their daughter Jane was a break with family tradition. 他們決定不給女兒起名為簡,這違背了家族傳統。
make a break also make the break

to stop having a close relationship with someone, especially stop living with them , or to change a course of action that you have had for a long time

與…結束關係(尤指不再住在一起);改變(一貫的行為)
You've been in your job for years - it's time you made a break. 那份工作你已幹了多年了——是時候改變一下了。
When a relationship ends, it's often best to make a clean/complete break (= suddenly and completely stop seeing each other). 結束一段感情最好是一刀兩斷。
SPORT 體育

[ C ] in tennis, a game won by the player who was not serving (= hitting the ball first)

(網球中的)破發,接發球得分
Murray must get another break (of serve) to win. 拉夫特必須再破對方一個發球局才能贏。

[ C ] in snooker and billiards, the number of points that a player gets during one turn at hitting the balls

(桌球和撞球中的)一桿得分,一次連續得分

[ S ] in football, an occasion when a defending team gains possession of the ball in its own half and attacks quickly into the opposing team's half

(桌球和撞球中的)一桿得分,一次連續得分
ESCAPE 逃避
make a break (from/for)

to escape from/towards somewhere or something, often by force

(常指用暴力)逃離,逃脫
A group of prisoners made a break from the jail a few years back. 幾年前一群犯人越獄逃跑了。
The cat made a break for the door. 那隻貓飛快地跑向門口。
When he let go, I made a break for it (= escaped quickly). 他一放開我,我馬上就遛了。
→ See also breakout noun
MORNING 黎明
break of day [ U ] literary

the time when the sun rises in the morning

破曉
We set out at break of day. 我們破曉時分出發。
→ See also daybreak

(Translation of “break” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)