Translation of "hard" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary

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hardadjective

uk /hɑːd/ us /hɑːrd/

hard adjective (SOLID)

A2 not easy to bend, cut, or break

堅硬的,堅固的
a hard surface 堅硬的表面
There was a heavy frost last night and the ground is still hard. 昨晚霜凍很嚴重,地面現在仍然很堅硬。
Heating the clay makes it hard. 黏土加熱會變硬。
Opposite

More examples

  • Babies like to chew on hard objects when they're teething.
  • The ground was frozen hard and was impossible to dig.
  • Brazil nuts have very hard shells.
  • For running on hard roads, you need shoes with extra cushioning to absorb the shock.
  • Mahogany is a hard wood and pine is a soft wood.

hard adjective (DIFFICULT)

A1 difficult to understand, do, experience, or deal with

困難的,費力的
There were some really hard questions in the exam. 考試中有一些很難做的題目。
It's hard to say which of them is lying. 很難說他們當中哪個在說謊。
It's hard being a single mother. 當個單親媽媽很困難。
Her handwriting is very hard to read. 她的字跡很難辨認。
He's a hard man to please. 他是個難以取悅的人。
The topics get harder later in the course. 在日後的課程中題目會更難。
I feel sorry for the kids, too - they've had a hard time. 我也覺得對不起孩子們——他們過得很辛苦。
Opposite

More examples

  • I found it hard to follow what the teacher was saying, and eventually I lost concentration.
  • The exam is so hard that only 5% of all applicants pass.
  • It was hard to be angry with him when he looked so penitent.
  • They find it hard to live on their state pension.
  • Ending a relationship is always hard but in this case it's for the best.
  • The teacher found it hard to keep her class in order.

hard adjective (USING EFFORT)

B1 needing or using a lot of physical or mental effort

耗費體力(或腦力)的;辛苦的
Go on - give it a good hard push! 繼續——用力推一把!
It was hard work on the farm but satisfying. 農場的工作很辛苦,但讓人有滿足感。

More examples

  • After all that hard work, you deserve a holiday.
  • Give the rope a hard pull.
  • I gave the door a hard push, but it still wouldn't open.
  • After a hard climb, we were rewarded by a picture-postcard vista of rolling hills under a deep blue summer sky.
  • The last part of the course is much harder.

hard adjective (SEVERE)

B2 not pleasant or gentle; severe

嚴厲的;苛刻的
You have to be quite hard to succeed in the property business. 要想在房地産業界中獲得成功,你必須相當強硬才行。
Ooh, you're a hard woman, Elaine! 噢,你真是個硬心腸的女人,伊萊恩!
Our boss has been giving us all a hard time at work (= making our time at work difficult). 我們老闆一直都讓我們在工作的時候很不好過。
be hard on sb

B2 to criticize someone severely, or to treat someone unfairly

對(某人)嚴厲批評;對(某人)不公平
Don't be too hard on him - he's new to the job. 別對他太苛刻——他剛開始做這項工作。

More examples

  • The authorities plan to come down hard on truancy in future.
  • "Well okay, perhaps I was a little hard on her, " he conceded.
  • The instructors worked us very hard on the survival course.
  • Watch out for those two - they're well hard.
  • Sports equipment is designed to withstand hard usage.

hard adjective (ALCOHOL)

[ before noun ] A hard drink contains a high level of alcohol.

(酒)烈性的,酒精含量高的
hard liquor 烈酒

hard adjective (WATER)

Hard water contains a high level of minerals that prevent soap from cleaning.

(水)硬的,含礦物質較多的

hard adjective (CLEAR)

[ before noun ] able to be proved

可證實的,確鑿的
hard facts/evidence 確鑿的事實/證據

hard adjective (WEATHER)

used to describe a time when there is bad weather

(指某個時間)天氣惡劣的
We had a very hard winter last year. 去年冬天天氣非常惡劣。

hardadverb

uk /hɑːd/ us /hɑːrd/

hard adverb (USING EFFORT)

A1 with a lot of physical or mental effort

費勁地;努力地;艱難地
Work hard and play hard, that's my motto. 努力工作痛快玩,這是我的座右銘。
I'm not surprised he failed his exam - he didn't exactly try very hard! 他沒通過考試我一點都不感到奇怪——他根本就沒用功。

More examples

  • Judy has never been very clever, but she tries hard.
  • I don't like the man, but I have to admit that he works incredibly hard.
  • This type of glass won't shatter no matter how hard you hit it.
  • I kicked the ball as hard as I could.
  • Blow really hard into the tube.

hard adverb (WEATHER)

B1 If it rains or snows hard, it rains or snows a lot.

(雨或雪下得)猛烈地;大量地
It had been raining hard most of the afternoon. 大半個下午都在下暴雨。

(Translation of “hard” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)