Translation of "have" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary

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haveauxiliary verb [ + past participle ]

uk strong /hæv/ weak /həv/ /əv/ us strong /hæv/ weak /həv/ /əv/ had, had also 've/'s

A2 used with the past participle of other verbs to form the present perfect and past perfect

I've heard that story before. 我以前聽過那個故事。
Diane's already gone. 戴安娜已經走了。
John hasn't phoned. 約翰沒有打過電話。
I haven't visited London before. 我以前沒去過倫敦。
Have you seen Roz? 你見過羅茲嗎?
Has she been invited? 她接到邀請了嗎?
They still hadn't had any news when I spoke to them yesterday. 昨天我和他們交談時他們仍沒有收到任何消息。
formal Had I known (= if I had known) you were coming, I'd have booked a larger room. 要是知道你會來,我會訂一個大一點的房間。

More examples

  • Talks between management and unions have collapsed.
  • House prices have come down recently.
  • Lots of people have complained about the noise.
  • Many miners have suffered from the effects of coal dust in their lungs.
  • I could never have achieved this without the encouragement of my husband and family.


uk strong /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/ us /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/ had

have verb (POSSESS)

A1 [ T not continuous ] also 've/'s, UK also have got to own

They have a beautiful home. 他們有一個漂亮的家。
He has plenty of money but no style. 他有很多錢但沒有品味。
I've got two brothers. 我有兩個兄弟。
Do you have time to finish the report today? 你今天有時間寫完報告嗎?
I've got a suggestion/an idea. 我有個建議/主意。
have the decency, good sense, etc. to do sth

to do one good thing, although you do other bad or silly things

At least he had the good sense to turn the gas off. 至少他還做了件好事,把煤氣關了。
At least she had the decency to apologize. 至少她還道了歉。

More examples

  • These books have lovely clear print.
  • The school likes to have a contact number for parents during school hours.
  • Now that we have cable, we get a wonderfully crisp picture, even on our old TV.
  • I love football, but unfortunately I have no talent as a player.
  • At some point in the distant future I would like to have my own house.

have verb (BE ILL)

A1 [ T ] UK also have got If you have a particular illness, you suffer from it.

Have you ever had measles? 你出過麻疹沒有?
I've got a cold. 我感冒了。

More examples

  • Following a routine check-up, Mrs Mason was discovered to have heart disease.
  • Emily has a very nasty cough.
  • She went home early because she had a bad headache.
  • My sister has diabetes and has to give herself insulin injections.
  • I had a terrible hangover the next morning.
  • John had a heart attack three years ago.

have verb (DO)

A2 [ T ] to perform the action mentioned

have a wash/bath/shower 沖澡/洗澡/洗淋浴
I had a swim. 我遊了一會兒泳。
We had a short walk after lunch. 午飯後我們稍稍散了步。
I've never done it before but I'd like to have a try (= to try). 我以前從沒做過,但我想試一試。
Why don't you have a rest? 你爲甚麽不休息一下?

More examples

  • She likes to have an afternoon nap.
  • May I have a look at your newspaper?" "Of course you can."
  • I'll bring some food along and we can have a picnic.
  • I had a chat with my boss today about a possible salary increase.
  • We had a dance and afterwards we sat outside and talked.

have verb (EAT/DRINK)

A1 [ T ] to eat or drink something

I had prawns and rice for lunch. 我午飯吃的是大明蝦和米飯。
Can I have a drink of water? 我能喝口水嗎?
When are we having dinner? 我們甚麽時候吃飯?

More examples

  • Make sure your hands are clean before you have your dinner.
  • May I show you to your table, sir, or would you prefer to have a drink at the bar first?
  • My father always has a biscuit and a cup of tea at bedtime.
  • Let's go out on Friday - we'll have a curry and then go to the movies.
  • Why don't we have lunch together on Friday?

have verb (RECEIVE/ALLOW)

[ T ] to receive, accept, or allow something to happen

Here, have some more coffee. 來,再喝點咖啡。
[ + to infinitive ] My mother's having visitors (to stay) next week. 我母親下星期有客人(來住)。
Let me have the book back next week. 下星期把這本書還給我。
In the end they solved their problems and she had him back (= allowed him to come and live with her again). 最後他們解決了問題,她允許他回到自己身邊。
I looked in all the shops for Worcestershire sauce but there was none to be had (= none that anyone could obtain). 我跑遍了所有的商店,可是全都沒有細繩子可買。
I kept telling him that you were French but he wouldn't have it (= would not accept that it was true). 我一直跟他說你是法國人,可是他就是不肯相信。
[ + -ing verb ] I won't have those kids running all over my flowerbeds (= I refuse to allow them to do this). 我不允許那些孩子在我的花圃裡跑來跑去。

More examples

  • You would be wise to have the appropriate vaccinations before you go abroad.
  • Let me have your decision by next week.
  • I don't want to diminish her achievements, but she did have a lot of help.
  • I've had a letter from the tax authorities concerning my tax payments.
  • My father wouldn't have any animals in the house.

have verb (MAKE HAPPEN)

B1 [ T ] to cause something to happen or someone to do something

[ + past participle ] We're having the house painted next month. 下個月我們要粉刷房子。
[ + infinitive without to ] If you wait, I'll have someone collect it for you. 如果你等一會兒的話,我會叫人幫你去拿的。
[ + obj + -ing verb ] The film soon had us crying. 電影開演後不久就讓我們感動得哭泣了。
Gus will have it working in no time. 蓋伊很快就會讓它開始運作。
She had her parents down (= invited them to stay) for a week in the summer. 夏天,她把父母接來住了一個星期。
We had the boat out (= went out in the boat) for the first time this week. 這是我們本周第一次乘船出遊。
We often have friends over/round (= invite them to come) on a Saturday night. 週六晚上我們經常邀請朋友來家裡作客。

More examples

  • Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.
  • This decision will have dire consequences for local people.
  • I took the coat back to the shop to have it altered.
  • Have you had your ears pierced? Oh yes, I can see you have.
  • I haven't had my holiday photos developed yet.

have verb (SUFFER)

B1 [ T + past participle ] to suffer something that someone does to you

She had her car stolen (= it was stolen) last week. 她的汽車上周被盜了。

have verb (EXPERIENCE)

A2 [ T ] to experience something

We're having a wonderful time here in Venice. 我們在威尼斯過得很愉快。
We didn't have any difficulty/problem finding the house. 我們沒遇到甚麽波折就找到了房子。
He hasn't been having much luck recently. 他最近的運氣不太好。

More examples

  • I think she's very conscious of being the only person in the office who didn't have a university education.
  • I sometimes have difficulty distinguishing Spanish from Portuguese.
  • I've never had any doubt at all - I know this is the right thing to do.
  • Like so many men, he has problems committing himself to a relationship.
  • She had a strong desire to go back to her home country before she died.

have verb (BABY)

A2 [ T ] to give birth to a baby

Elaine had a baby girl yesterday. 伊萊恩昨天生了個女兒。
My mother had me at home. 我母親是在家裡生下我的。
be having a baby, twins, etc.

to be pregnant

I hear his wife's having a baby. 我聽說他妻子懷孕了。

More examples

  • I expect they plan to have children in the course of time.
  • Your life changes dramatically when you have a baby.
  • They were so late getting to the hospital, she nearly had her baby in the taxi.
  • Have you heard whether Susan's had the baby yet?
  • My sister-in-law had two sets of twins.

have verb (SEX)

[ T not continuous ] mainly UK slang to have sex with someone

He asked me how many men I'd had. 他問我與多少男人有過性關係。

havemodal verb

uk strong /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/ us /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/
have (got) to do sth

More examples

  • You have to go to college for a lot of years if you want to be a doctor.
  • Those pictures will have to come down .
  • We may have to sell the house, but I hope it won't come to that.
  • Obviously teachers have to be good communicators.
  • The children have to learn to tidy up after themselves .

A2 to need to or be forced

I have to go to San Francisco tomorrow on business. 我明天得去曼徹斯特出差。
What time do you have to be there? 你得幾點鐘到那裡?
Do we have to finish this today? 我們今天必須把這事做完嗎?
We'll have to start keeping detailed records. 我們不得不開始作詳盡的記錄。
Jackie's ill so they've had to change their plans. 傑基病了,因此他們不得不改變計劃。

(Translation of “have” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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